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Arab-Israeli conflict: From Copenhagen to Beijing and Washington to Jerusalem: American-Israeli relations cooling off

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  1. Introduction
  2. The theory behind the relationship: Geography and balancing politics
    1. A strategic commodity
    2. A region to balance
    3. Russia and its great power proxy
    4. The United Kingdom and its hegemonic proxy
    5. The United States and its strategic ally
  3. History of American and Israeli relations: Why, where and when
    1. History of the American-Israeli relationship
    2. Kennedy and Johnson administrations
    3. Israel's newfound importance
    4. The national interest orientation
    5. Learning from Nixon era
    6. Jimmy Carter's administration
  4. Current picture: International relations and international warming
    1. American-Israeli and Middle Eastern relations
    2. America's commitment to Israel
    3. Change in special and national interest
    4. Current climate change science and petroleum reliability
  5. Conclusion and future picture
  6. Works cited

Since the dawn of the industrial revolution there have been two consistent interlocking themes behind Middle Eastern-Great Power interactions. First, Great Powers have a tendency to view the Middle East as a strategic commodity, because of its geographic location and vital natural resources. Second, because of the strategic value the region presents, the Middle East has served as a prime battleground for macro-scale Great Power balance-of-power politics. Looking at American-Israeli relations through these scopes can provide insight into the current special relationship between the two states, and can help anticipate what relationship may look like when Israel is in a multi-polar world and American Middle Eastern foreign policy is less petroleum-centric. As, countries such as China and Brazil redefine American unipolairty, and America continues to incorporate climate change and peak-oil concerns into foreign policy, the American-Israeli relationship will loose several of its key links.

[...] Due to the strong lobby, it is almost politically infeasible to be anti-Israel and attempt to successfully navigate Washington politics. As Democratic Nominee for the 2008 presidential election, Barak Obama's first foreign policy speech was at AIPAC, declaring Israel's security ?sacrosanct? and ?non-negotiable?. Similarly, Republican Nominee John McCain noted to the Committee, are the most natural of allies.?. The four components of the Miller's lobby are effective tools to garner American support for Israel. However, Miller notes there is a fifth component to the relationship: a common fear of ?violent extremist Islam,? which though specific, exemplifies Ben-Zvi's ?national interest orientation.? Both Washington and Jerusalem are wary of the effects of intense Islamization on Middle Eastern stability. [...]

[...] These agendas range from British transatlantic empires to Russian wartime maneuverability, and so by concentrating their influence in regions and states that influence access to chokes points, Great Powers unlock the key to navigating Middle Eastern politics. The UK in Egypt, American in several allied states (Israel, Egypt, Saudi Arabia), and Russia in the Balkins are all examples of a Great Power concentrating influence in select areas, to maintain stability and achieve an agenda in the region. History shows Great Powers use their Middle Eastern spheres of influence as a geopolitically advantageous commodity, necessary to achieve their greater agendas. [...]

[...] Current Picture: International Relations and International Warming American-Israeli and ?Middle Eastern Relations The facts needed to understand the current American-Israeli relationship are many and varied, ranging from percentages of petroleum imports from Persian states to the strength of the American evangelical movement. Despite Ben-Zvi's charted ?rise' and ?decline' of the American-Israeli relationship into the early 1990's, evaluating the current relationship paints a finically, militarily, and socially sound picture. Currently, military aid is probably the most important measure of the relationship of the two countries. [...]

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