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Border control for the US: “Legitimate threat”

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  1. Introduction
  2. The current threat of terrorism the United States
  3. John Mueller's view on the terrorist threat Al Qaeda expert
  4. Creation of U.S. Customs and Border Protection
  5. Situation before the september attacks
  6. The need for improvements
  7. National interest in the state of border controls
  8. Border policies since 9/11
  9. Conclusion
  10. Bibliography

The attacks on September 11, 2001 forced a change in the national security policy of the United States. Eight years later, debate still surrounds the issue on how best to defend against terrorism. The question of how large of a national security threat do current border policies pose to the United States in terms of facilitating an increase in terrorism has both is supporters and opponents. The two sides to this argument?border control is important in protecting the US on one hand and terrorism is not too reliant on entry through borders, hence the borders are not a threat to national security and funds should be diverted to other areas on the other? create great debate. After comparing the two sides to this argument over the extent of the threat to national security that border control policies pose, I argue that the borders do in fact pose a threat to national security as terrorists have acknowledged the ease in entering the United States illegally, but more importantly, it is the seaports that have the greatly potential to be exploited by terrorism. Fortunately there have been no attacks in the United States since 9/11; however, border control strategies need to be redefined in order to keep America safe.

[...] Many advocate for a border control policy that extends beyond the United States borders, as international cooperation is a key to providing security. If the United States diverted some funds in the direction of improving international ports that ship cargo to the United States, there is a better chance of an inspector discovering a WMD or biological threat before it was sent to U.S. ports. Others point to the need to improve the relationship, image, and trust that the rest of the world views the United States. [...]

[...] ?Migrant ?Illegality' and the Metaphysics of Antiterrorism: ?Immigrants' Rights' in the Aftermath of the Homeland Security State." Border Battles: The U.S. Immigration Debate July 2006. SSRC Mar . DeYoung, Karen, and Walter Pincus, ?Al-Qaeda's Gains Keep U.S. at Risk, Report The Washington Post, July p. A1. "Fact Sheet: U.S. Customs and Border Protection Actions Taken Since 9/11." CBP Executive Summary Sept Department of Homeland Security Apr.2009 Flynn, Stephen E. "America the Vulnerable." Foreign Affairs 81 (Jan-Feb 2002). Katel, Peter. [...]

[...] This is only one of the problems border control faces in its responsibility to protect the nation's borders. Anti-terrorism experts have called for the need of many improvements in order to improve border security. Improvements included all aspects of border control from getting better intelligence on visa applications, to improving the information shared between the federal agencies involved, including the INS, USCB, and the FBI. Land and sea ports need to be better monitored by screening more closely shipments entering the United States as well as keeping better tabs on those who have received visas and are in the United States.[20] The Bush administration has also requested $ 2.2 billion to increase border security spending and part of this request would ?increase the INS enforcement budget by $ 1.2 billion and increase the US Customs Service budget by $619 million.?[21] Border security policies are not only responsible with keeping potential terrorists from crossing into the United States from Canada or Mexico, but also with monitoring seaports, trucks entering the United States with cargo, railway, and aviation in order to stop them from bringing in potentially disastrous agents such as chemical and biological weapons. [...]

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