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International Organisation: The UN system

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  1. Introduction.
  2. Non-state actor.
    1. The international organizations and other intergovernmental organizations.
    2. Non Governmental Organisations.
    3. Transnational companies.
  3. The processes of globalization and Keohane.
    1. 'Globalization depends on effective governance'.
    2. living in a partially globalized world.
  4. The normative argument that global governance should be performed at local level.
  5. Other IGOs containing a form of hegemony: Economic agencies.
  6. Examples which prove that the western states failed to maintain an hegemonic institutionalized form to global governance.
  7. Conclusion.

Is global governance a chimera in a world of states, or is there as Keohane suggests, limited global governance in a partially globalized world, or is global governance an effective form of western hegemony? Is global governance a chimera in a world of states, or is there as Keohane suggests, limited global governance in a partially globalized world, or is global governance an effective form of western hegemony? 'Many of the problems and issues facing humankind have dramatic global dimension' . This constitution by Guido Bertucci is today considered as an evidence in world politics. Issues like 'the internationalization of the problem of human rights and democracy, previously thought of as issues for states to deal with within their own boundaries' , are now seen as global issues; and nobody can deny anymore the global impact of environmental changes. Global seems to be the new fashionable term in political studies. But what does global mean? Does it mean 'what has been signified by international, intergovernmental, or even often, transnational' , as wonders Finkelstein?

[...] Bibliography Books Amstrong, D., Lloyd, L., and Redmond, J., International organisation in world politics (New York, Palgrave Macmillan, third edition, 2004) Archer, C., International Organizations (London, Routledge, third edition, 2001) Baylis, J., and Smith, S., The globalization of world politics: an introduction to international relations (New York, Oxford University Press, third edition, 2005) Held, D., Democracy and the global order: from the modern state to cosmopolitan governance (Cambridge, Polity Press, 1995) Keohane, R., and Nye, J., Governance in a globalizing world (Washington DC, Brookings Institution Press, 2000) Knight, A., A changing United Nations: multilateral evolution and the quest for global governance (New York, Palgrave, 2000) Weiss, T., and Gordenker, L., NGOs, the UN and global governance (London, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1996) Journals Bertucci, G., 'Setting the agenda for global governance', in Asian Review of Public Administation, Vol. [...]

[...] However there is no doubt that managing everything from a global point of view would be a threat for the cultures of the nations, with uniformity taking over. Some issues should be resolved globally, some should not. According to the leading contemporary international relations theories, the international system is anarchical. Therefore, 'it is inconsistent to see ''states'' as coherent entities, while asserting anarchy exists at the global level. We can be consistent by accepting the existence of systems at all levels of world politics'[28]. Moreover, they add that the system organisation proves that they are politically significant and 'that global politics cannot be reduced to ''inter-state'' relations'[29]. [...]

[...] James Rosenau seems to support this idea: 'taken broadly, the concept of governance should not be restricted to the national and international system but should be used in relation to regional, provincial and local governments, as well as to the other social systems such as education and the military, to private enterprises and even, to the microcosm of the family'[30]. As long as lower levels of governance are efficient, they should not be denied their competencies, and as David Held states, 'local transformation is as much an element of globalization as the lateral extension of social relations across space and time'[31]. [...]

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