Search icone
Search and publish your papers

Rapprochement and cooperation between China and the United States: The revolutionary breakthrough which changed the balance of power forever

Or download with : a doc exchange

About the author

 
Level
General public
Study
social...
School/University
University...

About the document

Published date
Language
documents in English
Format
Word
Type
term papers
Pages
7 pages
Level
General public
Accessed
0 times
Validated by
Committee Oboolo.com
0 Comment
Rate this document
  1. Introduction
  2. The geopolitical and strategic factors
  3. China's national security interests
  4. China's motivations for opening up a new era with America
  5. America's national security concerns
  6. China's entry into United Nations
  7. Benefits of rapprochement and cooperation
  8. America's dealings with the USSR
  9. Conclusion
  10. Bibliography

The establishment of relations between the United States of America and the People's Republic of China (China) was in every sense a watershed in the history of foreign policy, and permanently altered the international system. U. S. President Richard M. Nixon's trip to China in February 1972 was referred to as ?the week that changed the world.? Even die-hard critics of Nixon acknowledged that the opening to China brought the most significant improvement in foreign relations among the great powers in decades. So revolutionary was the opening that the initial diplomatic accord between China and the United States ended China's 20 years of estrangement from the West. In order to demonstrate how revolutionary the new era was, it is necessary to both consider the events which led up to the opening to China, and to analyze how the development of U.S.-Sino relations impacted international relations, particularly with reference to the USA, China, Russia and other regional powers in East Asia. Clearly, numerous geopolitical and strategic factors worked to bring about a new era in relations between the United States and China, and in every sense, these new relations were a global-strategic, political and diplomatic revolution, which fundamentally shifted the international balance of power. Furthermore, the new era brought clear tangible benefits for America and China, and elevated their positions on the global stage.

[...] ?Neutralizing? both North and South Vietnam served the interests of China and America.[30] For China, it meant that she could focus her energies on other strategic areas which were posing a threat, particularly her long border with the Soviet Union.[31] Through accommodation and cooperation with China, Nixon and his advisers could use the ?perceived international leverage derived from the opening of China in order to elicit greater accommodations from the Soviet Union over pressing international and arms control issues.?[32] The belief was that once the Soviet Union could no longer count on permanent hostility between the world's most powerful and most populous nations, the scope for Soviet intransigence would narrow and perhaps evaporate.[33] In the conditions of the late 1960's, improved Sino-American relations became a key to the Nixon Administration's Soviet strategy.[34] Nixon hoped that détente between the superpowers would also facilitate the conclusion of a SALT agreement that would place a cap on an alarming Soviet nuclear buildup.[35] Between 1967 and 1969, the size of the Soviet nuclear arsenal had increased from 570 to 1,050 ICBMs, giving the Soviets parity with the United States in numbers of that weapon system.[36] With Congress reluctant to authorize additional defense spending, ?Nixon surmised that SALT was the only feasible way to restrain the Soviet strategic buildup.?[37] The extent to which the opening up of relations between China and the USA was revolutionary was demonstrated by the numerous events post- rapprochement, particularly those of a diplomatic, geopolitical and strategic nature. [...]


[...] New York: Simon & Schuster P.719. Kissinger, Henry A. Diplomacy. P.719. Powaski, Ronald E. The Cold War: The United States and the Soviet Union, 1917-1991. New York: Oxford University Press P.167. Powaski, Ronald E. P.167. Powaski, Ronald E. P.167. Powaski, Ronald E. P.176. Joint Statement following Discussions with Leaders of the People's Republic of China. February Retrieved from http://www.nixonlibraryfoundation.org/clientuploads/directory/archive/1972_p df_files/1972_0071.pdf Kissinger, Henry A. Diplomacy. P.728. Joint Statement following Discussions with Leaders of the People's Republic of China. February Joint Statement following Discussions with [...]


[...] In conclusion, the establishment of relations between China and the United States was a global-strategic, political and diplomatic revolution, which fundamentally shifted the international balance of power. Furthermore, the new ear brought clear tangible benefits for America and China, and elevated their positions on the global stage. A new balance of power was achieved by the opening, helping avert potential catastrophes, and brining tangible benefits for the Americans and the Chinese, both of whom secured agreements and gained the upper hand with the Soviets. [...]

Top sold for international relations

How do the Federal Republic of Germany, Fifth Republic France and post-war Italy fulfil the...

 Politics & international   |  International affairs   |  Presentation   |  01/12/2009   |   .doc   |   4 pages

An evaluation of constructivism as an approach to international relations theory

 Politics & international   |  International affairs   |  Presentation   |  09/29/2010   |   .doc   |   11 pages

Recent documents in international relations category

Biography of Kwame Nkrumah

 Politics & international   |  International affairs   |  Summaries   |  11/21/2018   |   .doc   |   2 pages

Worldwide threat assessment of the French Directorate-General for External Security

 Politics & international   |  International affairs   |  Presentation   |  11/06/2018   |   .doc   |   7 pages