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The foreign politics of the State of Israel and the nature of diplomacy and conflicts

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?When the dust settles on the next Israel-Palestinian or the Israeli-Arab war, we will be certainly the winners. And you, Mister Prime Minister, will emerge from the smoke of the battle field to pronounce the most brilliant praises in front of the tombs. You will be able to even persuade the people who were the most justified in all the wars that was carried out by the Jews. It will be a war in where we will gain, but these victories will not lead us anywhere but to the starting point. When the last battle is finished we will again be obliged to table the negotiations with the Palestinians and the representatives of the Arab countries, with the Americans, Europeans, perhaps, with an international participation. We will have to discuss the same painful territorial questions regarding Jerusalem and right to return of the refugees. ? This is an excerpt from the speech entitled ?One minute before the next war?, by Shaul Mishal, a professor of political sciences at the university of Tel-Aviv.

He defines the problem of the Israeli question. It is a creation which can appear unjust and legitimate at the same time because of the history of each part that is followed by more than 50 years of conflicts. The State of Israel was created on May 14, 1948. About the foreign relations: on one hand, the relations with the Middle East are known as conflicts that seems to have no end in sight despite many negotiations. On the other hand, the State derived its profits from solid and established diplomatic relations with many countries, and in particular with the United States. It is a close ally of the US and is supported by the Jewish community. Thus, the foreign politics of Israel is rich in spite of it being formed recently. We will examine the singular position of Israel with regard to its foreign politics which is divided between traditional diplomatic relations, wars and conflicts.

"Zionism seeks to create for the Jewish people in Palestine an asylum guaranteed by public law". Zionism is an ideology and a political movement whose objective is to provide a state for the Jewish people scattered across five continents. Zionism is thus clearly a geographical concept: the return of Jews to Zion (one of the hills of Jerusalem but often likened to the holy city). The Zionist dream was related to the installation and the Jewish people to the Promised Land: Palestine, until then under Ottoman control.

The collapse of the Ottoman Empire, after the decisive victory of British troops in October 1917 in the town of Beersheba and the occupation of the Holy Land in the UK will enable the latter, with the consent of the France and Italy, to undertake a pro-Palestinian political Zionist ambition.

Thus, on 2 November 1917, the United Kingdom published the Balfour Declaration (open letter to Lord Walter Rothschild by Arthur James Balfour, British Foreign Minister) which promises the establishment of a Jewish National Home in Palestine.

Tags: Zionism, Promised Land, Israeli-Arab war

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