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The United Nations since 1945 until today

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  1. Introduction
  2. Principles, objectives and characters of the UN: A universal ambition
    1. Its principles and its goals
    2. The organization
    3. The characteristics of UN
  3. Diverse actions of the UN since 1945
    1. Actions for peace and disarmament
    2. Actions for the right individual (freedom, justice)
    3. Measures for the economic, social and cultural
  4. The ambiguities and difficulties of operation
    1. The weight of the Cold War
    2. The increasing number of Member States and the debt
    3. The UN and redefinition between impotence
  5. Conclusion
  6. References

Shortly after the Second World War, it appears necessary to the Allies to equip the world with an international organization able to regulate the conflicts peacefully occurring between the various States. This ambition proceeds of a long reflexion, born in 1941 with the Charter of the Atlantic. This institution must succeed the Company of the Nations (SDN) which had been announced, in the inter-war period, by its incapacity to solve the conflicts.

Founded in 1945, The United Nations is as a result born from the common will to set up the conditions of a long lasting world peace by the association of the nations, economic and cultural coordination, by the justice and the universal respect of the Human Rights.

How did the UN implement this new conception of international relations? Which resources does it have? What obstacles did it meet?

[...] The principles are: Sovereign equality of all the Member States and respect of the individual rights Pacific regulation of the conflicts; international cooperation Its organization The head office of the UN is established in New York, which brings up the world primacy of the United States. The UN is composed of: general meeting, where each Member State lays out of a voice, which puts forth recommendations, but without forcing the obligation of the States, and defines programs of action for the development. [...]


[...] Thus, the annual contributions of Member States to become the issue of bitter controversy, the scales established in 1945 by the GNP of the time had not been revised, and now often proving inadequate: thus, major contributors aggrieved (the USA with Japan increased from to its admission in 1956 to 19% today) with countries whose contribution has remained roughly stable (Europe Western, Third World) or abnormally low (Russia, China and other emerging countries), have delays in payment can be substantial, or simply refuse any extraordinary contribution (voluntary) bodies or specialized peacekeeping missions. Several budgets of the UN are thus deficit (debt of the United Nations in 2005 exceeds $ 2.5 billion), increasing operational difficulties The UN and redefinition between impotence? Organized by the victors in 1945 and ever since reformed, the UN today do not take into account the changing world since then or since the end of the Cold War in 1989, causing further criticism and demands . [...]


[...] Office of the High Commission of the United Nations to Refugees (HCR) deals with the painful problems of the populations moved because of the wars, famines etc 3. Its characters The UN, voluntary organization of Sovereign states, has a democratic structure. It intends to settle the disagreements between the States by the arbitration, negotiations, before having to choice of force. It works with the resolution of the problems relating to humanity (hunger, poverty, cultural deficit, situation of the children, etc). [...]

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