Civil-Military powers of Austria abroad
- The actions of the Executive over the Legislature
- The actions of the legislature over the executive
- Procedure issues
- Limits of a vote
More than ever, today's crises are global in nature and their origins are generally numerous. Increasingly, their resolution requires collaboration between the military force, often multinational and civil environment that is the local population and authorities, international organizations and NGOs. This interaction is essential and must be optimized to facilitate the smooth running of the operations related to the crisis, according to the standards set by the international community. This is what is commonly understood under the term civil-military cooperation. The problem is that there are as many definitions of this term as the protagonists claim.
Thus the main formal definitions that can be found also have different meanings. They can be classified into three categories: cooperation that emphasizes the humanitarian (UN, EU, etc), those with dominant military (NATO, France ) and finally the Austrian view, which is a mixture of the two. Austria for its part has chosen a mixed system that appears to meet all the actors of the Austrian civil-military cooperation.
The civil-military cooperation can never be an end in itself and does not represent a humanitarian component of the Austrian military missions. Cooperation between civilian and military actors must always be to the benefit of the mission. It is also based on the prospects of civil-military cooperation in Austria. It is necessary to analyze civil-military as it exists in Austria with the "Rahmenplan 2006" (I).
Through the evolution of the concept, since independence from Austria in 1955, the detailed presentation of its main characteristics and peculiarities, will largely determine how this approach is original and promising, but it also includes as uncertainties. It is also important to focus on the reality of the concepts of civil-military cooperation in Austria (II). To do this we will present the conflicting views of three key players in this concept in Austria: The main Austrian ministries (European and international affairs, finance, internal, etc), the Bundesheer and Austrian NGOs. We will focus in particular to demonstrate the gap between the theoretical realities of good intentions "Rahmenplan 2006."
?UN civil-military coordination is the system of interaction, involving exchange of information, negotiation, de-confliction, mutual support and planning at all levels between military elements and humanitarian organisations, development organisations or the local civilian population to achieve respective objectives?.
For the UN, it is to clearly maximize existing resources (civilian and military) for the good of the people concerned. The military component is only an accessory part of a humanitarian mission. In any case the military mission cannot be a priority. However the humanitarian aspect still is.
It is the same for the European Union.
?? is the co-ordination and co-operation, in support of the mission, between military components of EU-led Crisis Management Operations and civil actors (external to the EU), including national population and local authorities, as well as international, national and non-governmental organisations and agencies?.
The EU (through its civil structures) places particular emphasis on cooperation with civilian actors outside the union. The civil-military cooperation at the tactical level here is clearly dependent upon coordination of civil-military strategic level (tool of the European Commission).
Tags: European Union, Rahmenplan 2006, UN civil-military coordination