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International fight against the traffic of cocaine: effectiveness of the alternatives to the cultures of the coke in the Andean area

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During the beginning of the globalization of trade that lasted for forty years, the leading States of the international community (mainly the U.S. and major European countries including France) have identified the fight against international drug trafficking as one of essential attributes for their cooperation in the years to come. The emergence of a thriving drug trade in those countries affected consumers and they have agreed on a concerted action on their part. This aimed for a substantial reduction of trade flows of drugs of which they were still victims. In a sense, these measures were a part of the new movement of "controlled globalization." The necessity of a struggle at international level was felt due to many factors. Drug trafficking can be defined as a commercial trade of drugs for a specified purpose. The desired effect is an altered state understanding of the end user (or a euphoric analgesic effect), that is most often sought by it. These substances can be derived from plant (cannabis resin, marijuana, heroin or cocaine) or may be purely chemical (these are the products created more recently gathered under the name of psychotropic drugs). Trafficking in these products is a logical economic and trade that is entirely conventional. It is characterized by the upstream manufacturing / production of raw materials needed to produce the finished product, and downstream by placing the interaction of supply and demand as terminated by the traditional operations of purchase and sale in the market. Drug trafficking is primarily a trade, but we cannot treat it as such because of the illegality that is inherent in its operations. It is this variable that will make it a trade on the one hand, a market that has economic margins as compared with the normal rules, and secondly a "traffic" in terms of its illegal character.

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