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Cold war in the Arctic

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  1. Theoretical Framework
  2. The United States in decline?
  3. Challenging traditional stances
  4. Structural challenge: overcoming the hegemony
  5. The situation in China
  6. Tracks of thought
    1. Conflict
    2. Collapse of China
    3. Comparative Advantage

The aim of this work is to demonstrate the formation of a crisis on an international scale in this region. A crisis which directly links with the geography of the Arctic, as it will be demonstrated in the first part the wealth related to this situation that attracts a lot of desires, but a crisis coupled with the sovereignty issue faced by this region are subject to numerous complaints. The problems supported by the confusions and difficulties have existed in the validation of applications governed by the Montego Bay Convention of 1982.

This part of the document will finish by reporting the crisis at an event in this summer, which will directly led to trigger the amplification. In a second part it will discuss this amplification symbolized by a face to face Russian-American conflict, without neglecting the importance of other actors that lead to give an international dimension to the crisis. Finally it will deal with the weak situation of the Inuit people and their right to self-determination which had previously been the only peaceful solution to this conflict.

In the central Arctic is ice, a region that until the year 2000 was unusable because of weather conditions that characterize this area (extreme cold, polar night, no vegetation, ice several meters).Nevertheless, several attempts have been filed but have had to be abandoned along the way because of difficulty in extracting the weather, the high costs of exploration and transportation of oil, and the difficulty in attracting workforce in the region despite high wages. All attempts to exploit the resources of this area were unsuccessful in spite of knowledge by all of the extreme richness of it. Thus, this area is called "No Man's Land" and has ultimately never been politically invested in and was rather used as a nuclear test area or geo-strategic benchmark, in fact, during the Cold War, Americans felt themselves to be at risk over this region due to proximity to Russian territory.

This region, however, has an interest that has been exploited, it is very sensitive to climate change and so has always been an important indicator for researchers because it indicates future changes in climate. The same reason that it is directly affected by global warming cause the melting of the ice. Thus, the warming has had a "positive" impact on governments, since that was and is now unusable and will be more and more over time with a total disappearance of sea ice in the summer of 2050.

Indeed, this region contains large reserves of oil, gas, diamonds, gold,lead, silver, zinc, uranium and nickel. According to Yves Mathieu the Arctic region has been explored only 10% and already it has discovered 20 billion barrels of oil and 8000 billion m3 of gas.

Tags: Cold war in the Arctic region; validation of applications governed by the Montego Bay Convention of 1982; international dimension to the crisis

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