Comment of "Peace and war between the nations," by Raymond Aron
- What is the greenhouse effect?
- The determining factors
- The heat wave in summers, is it actually due to the greenhouse effect?
- Will this phenomenon happen again?
Raymond Aron (1905-1983), is a sociologist, philosopher, a French journalist and a theorist of international relations. He streamlined international relations in terms of homogeneity and heterogeneity. Throughout this text that is taken from "Peace and war between nations", the author draws on historical events to explain the international systems in terms of homogeneity and heterogeneity. In the paragraph analyzed here, Raymond Aron questions whether the European system in 1914 is a homogeneous system or a heterogeneous system. Thus, we see first that the European system in 1914 was apparently homogeneous, but actually became heterogeneous later.
According to Raymond Aron, "in many respects, the homogeneity seemed to dominate" in the European system in 1914. Indeed, certain homogeneity was apparent. In the early twentieth century, Europe was a system that dominated the world. The great explorations, the occupation of large areas undeveloped, economic penetration of the old empires, the progress of evangelization, mark wills essential expansion of European civilization was at its peak. In addition, technical and military superiority of Europe allowed it to impose its law everywhere and easily overcome local resistance. No people, no power is able to seriously oppose the will to power of the Europeans. This is called European hegemony.
Raymond Aron defines a homogeneous system as one in which "the States belong to the same type; obey the same conception of politics."
When Raymond Aron wrote, "in many respects," we could talk about the demographic dynamism, expansionism of the will and financial power, economic and technical as was Europe. The European system as a whole, at the time, met the "criteria".
Indeed, Europe had 45 million people gathered quarter of the world population and population pressure grew each year a little more than a million immigrants to leave the old continent to the colonies and the new world about 40 million Europeans have settled.
Thus, one can say that the demographic growth was very present even if population growth does not exactly the same way in all European countries.
This "population explosion" of Europe and it determines migration have undoubtedly contributed to the colonial conquest. Indeed, America rejected, first in North America in the late eighteenth century, and South America in the early nineteenth, Europeans fell back on Africa and Southeast Asia is to establish colonial empires that allow them to consolidate their power.
Tags: Peace and war between the nations; Raymond Aron; European system; international relations