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Europe and the far-right movements

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  1. Introduction
  2. The far-right movements in Europe: Undeniable similarities exist
    1. The fear of the demographic collapse and miscegenation
    2. Similar methods
    3. The rise of far-right in Europe: a cyclical phenomenon?
  3. Fundamental differences between the European far-right movements
    1. An influence that varies by country
    2. Ideas that vary by national issues
    3. The impossibe unification of far-right parties at the European level
  4. Conclusion

On Friday, July 22, 2011, two terrorist attacks occurred in Oslo, Norway. The first one was an explosion which happened at Regjeringskvartalet, government district of the city of Oslo, killing eight people and injuring several others. The second attack occurred two hours later in a youth camp organized by the Labor Youth League (AUF) from the Norwegian Labor Party (AP), on the island of Utoya: an armed gunman dressed as policeman opened fire on the campers, killing sixty-nine participants. Anders Breivik Behring, a 32 year old man allegedly responsible for the shooting in Utoya, was indicted for both attacks. The originality of these attacks is that they have to be placed in a new genre: the attacks perpetuated by extremist nationalists. Indeed, Anders Breivik Behring is a former member of the Progress Party (FRP) from the national right-conservative, and its youth movement. His acts symbolize the hatred of the far-right movements for the current governments and leftist movements. The attacks have been unanimously condemned by the international stage: for example, Russian President Dimitri Medvedev said that Russia condemns "in the strongest terms these monstrous crimes, for which there can be no justification," while French President Nicolas Sarkozy described the Oslo attack as an "heinous and unacceptable act of violence." Finally, U.S. President Barack Obama offered his condolences to the Norwegian people and offers the assistance of the United States in investigating the attacks. He said that it is a reminder that the whole community has an interest in preventing this kind of terror to occur.

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