Search icone
Search and publish your papers
Our Guarantee
We guarantee quality.
Find out more!

Explain the potentials and limits of Esping-Andersen's three models of welfare state

Or download with : a doc exchange

About the author

PhD Student
Level
General public
Study
modern history
School/University
LSE

About the document

Published date
Language
documents in English
Format
Word
Type
case study
Pages
6 pages
Level
General public
Accessed
0 times
Validated by
Committee Oboolo.com
0 Comment
Rate this document
  1. Introduction
  2. Potentials and models
  3. Conclusion

In the period following the Second World War, providing welfare to citizens became an essential feature of Western states. Immediately after the war, a new social spirit dominated Europe. Social expenditures grew rapidly and the traditional relief systems that provided assistance only to the most deprived individuals were transformed into more comprehensive systems of universal benefits through the welfare state. In the 1950s, T.H Marshall was the first to understand that this was an inevitable step in the natural evolution of the relationship between a state and its citizens.

He developed an historical argument about the role of the welfare state by arguing that its aim should not be to reach absolute equality between social classes because social inequality ?provides the incentive to effort and designs the distribution of power?. Since that period, many sociologists have tried to build theoretical frameworks to analyze the welfare state in general, but little attention was paid to the structural differences of welfare states between countries. However, in the last three decades, debates on its origin, its current situation and its future have intensified, reflecting the salient role of the welfare state in social sciences. It is in this context that economists and scholars have recently attempted to classify the different types of welfare states.

The most recent and influential book on this matter is The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism, a book published in 1990 by Gøsta Esping-Andersen, a Danish sociologist who primarily focuses on the role of the welfare state in capitalist economies. I will first describe the model developed by Esping-Andersen, then assess its potentials and its limits. His book lays out three ideal types of welfare state regimes: liberal, conservative and social-democratic. Despite being a powerful theoretical and empirical tool, his model has been criticized for omitting major countries such as the Southern European ones and for omitting the gender-dimension.

[...] Explain the potentials and limits of Esping-Andersen three models of welfare state In the period following the Second World War, providing welfare to citizens became an essential feature of Western states. Immediately after the war, a new social spirit dominated Europe. Social expenditures grew rapidly and the traditional relief systems that provided assistance only to the most deprived individuals were transformed into more comprehensive systems of universal benefits through the welfare state. In the 1950s, T.H Marshall was the first to understand that this was an inevitable step in the natural evolution of the relationship between a state and its citizens. [...]


[...] Using the criteria of the degree of decommodification and social stratification, Esping-Andersen identifies three ideal types of welfare state regimes. In his approach, Esping-Andersen implies that the goals of the welfare state are best met with the social democratic regime since all social rights are extended to the entire population, and least met with the liberal regime because the benefits are mainly intended for the poorest portion of the population. The main advantage of the model offered by Esping-Andersen is the empirical and theoretical robustness of the three way classification. [...]

Top sold for political science

How did the rise of mass production transform the role of the United States in the international...

 Politics & international   |  Political science   |  Term papers   |  05/03/2011   |   .doc   |   4 pages

Effective leadership in public administration: "The great leader is seen as servant first",...

 Politics & international   |  Political science   |  Presentation   |  09/29/2010   |   .doc   |   8 pages

Recent documents in political science category

Summer 2016 review (United States and United Kingdom)

 Politics & international   |  Political science   |  Presentation   |  03/01/2017   |   .doc   |   3 pages

A People's History of the United States, Chapter 24, Zinn Howard - The Clinton Presidency

 Politics & international   |  Political science   |  Book review   |  01/13/2017   |   .doc   |   3 pages