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The response of the Republican administrations of the 1950s and the Democrat administrations of the 1960s to the domestic problems they faced

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  1. Introduction.
  2. Impressive presidency of the democrat President Harry Truman.
  3. China's embrace of communism in 1949.
  4. Eisenhower's appointment to the presidential position.
  5. The ambitious McCarthy.
  6. President Eisenhower's modern Republicanism.
  7. The flourish of the American economy.
  8. The domestic problems faced by America.
  9. Terrible segregation and intense discrimination in the Southern states.
  10. Civil Rights Commission set-up.
  11. Kennedy's inaugural address.
  12. America under Kennedy.
  13. The fall of Berlin Wall and the Cuban Crisis.
  14. Conclusion.
  15. References.

Burning bras, rebel ?teenagers?, rioting black Americans, burning cities, angry students and happy hippies are only a few amidst a veritable panoply of symbols of an exploding and ebullient young America struggling to find itself throughout the vibrant fifties and sixties, an era of unprecedented consumerist frenzy and economic prosperity. Both the decades of the fifties and of the sixties brought amazing, novel and revolutionary changes to the American domestic scene which, whether or not the President and his administration's passions lay in international affairs or in domestic policies, were sure to greatly mobilize the presidential position, and with the expansion of modern communication technologies these happenings infiltrated the eyes of the entire world. Precisely how and why American officials responded the way they did to the internal pressures pulsating in the hearts of the American people greatly determined the way the United States are shaped today.

[...] Although McCarthy's astonishing claims were always totally unfounded (as his fiery declaration that 205 members of the State Department were affiliated to the Communist party), they were avidly swallowed by the general opinion as the only truth, even when proved false. In such an atmosphere of fear, escalated daily by McCarthy's new sensational accusations beamed into the living rooms of America, the television embodying a new weapon of mass indoctrination, it seemed like people wanted and delighted in believing the ?reds under the bed' scare. [...]

[...] The domestic pressures of the fifties were undoubtedly weaker or not yet as fully expressed as during the sixties and thus confronted the Republicans under Eisenhower with a moderately tense and complex situation. Nonetheless the modern Republicanism of the period did very little for civil rights whilst it did achieve some undeniable advances on the social level. Kennedy's response to the domestic problems America faced under his presidency was rather feeble although well-intentioned, but paved the way to great social justice brilliantly advocated and established through the Democrat Johnson's presidency up till 1968, despite an inner landscape of rebellious confusion, violence and chaos. The Republicans therefore appear to have [...]

[...] However poor the Republican efforts had so far been, this was the most they were prepared to do and any betterment of racial discrimination came through the work of individuals, both Black and White who actively and with enormous courage challenged segregation and discrimination, participating in manifestations, protests, bus boycotts, lunch counter sit-ins, etc. The non-violent philosophy which Martin Luther King preached gave great strength and dignity to the Civil Rights Movement, impressing millions at home as well as abroad. [...]

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