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The United Nations and Libya

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  1. Introduction
  2. Policy background
  3. The input dimension
  4. Conversion process
  5. The output dimension
  6. Conclusion

Violence used against Libya's citizens created a monumental concern for the United Nations organization?the country waged war on its own people. By ?repress[ing] peaceful demonstrators and rejecting unequivocally the incitement to hostility against the civilian population,? the country had committed many human rights violations (Resolution 1970). With the Security Council's Resolution 1970, the United Nations had seen enough. This paper will address the situation in Libya and the United Nations decision to impose an arms embargo, asset freezes, a ban on flights, the implementation of a no-fly zone and referring the situation to the International Criminal Court. The political demands and supports, the conversion process or any complications with the policy, and an assessment of the effectiveness of the policy, or the output will also be addressed in this paper.

As the number of protests grew in Libya, results of ?Muammar Qaddafi using unrestrained action against civilians grew?The Libyan leader unleashed his military against unarmed civilians? (Lewis 2011, 42). With the Security Council's Resolution of 1970, there was concern for the civilians of Libya. The Arab League, African Union, and the Secretary General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference even came forth and condemned the ongoing conflict in Libya.

[...] Lewis, William. 2011. "Libya: Dream versus Reality." Mediterranean Quarterly 22, no. 3: 42-52. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed February 9, 2012). Rittberger, Volker, and Bernard Zangl. International Organization: Polity, Politics and Policies New York: Macmillan, 2006. United Nations Security Council. 2011. Resolution 1970. 6491st Security Council Meeting. (8 February 2012). United Nations Security Council. 2011. Resolution 2009. 6620th Security Council Meeting. (8 February 2012). United Nations Security Council. 2011. Resolution 2022. 6673rd Security Council Meeting. (8 February 2012). [...]

[...] Finally, the transition to democracy began in October with the death of Qaddafi. However, the transition has been just that?it has not reached the democracy stage, yet. There has not been a general election vote nor has there been a drafting of a new Constitution?neither is expected to go through until June 2012. It may not be known how it turns out for Libya until late 2012. So, until that time, Libya should still be considered a dysfunctional political system on the verge of transitioning to a new, functional political system. [...]

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