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World War II: the United States and Great Britain

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  1. Introduction
  2. Victory of democrats and domestic reforms in the US
  3. The New Deal
  4. Roosevelt and World War II
  5. US Foreign policy
  6. The Great Britain
  7. Conclusive remarks

The period preceding the World War II in many respects defined the role of the USA in the pending war. It was crucial in a sense that the US had undergone one of the direst economic crises and was at the outset of industrial revolution. President Franklin Roosevelt proved himself to be quite able manager who had developed policy of ?New Deal? and dragged the country out from economic collapse. His somewhat ambiguous and multidimensional foreign policy is still subject to debate.

Many historians view the period of the rule of the democrats and the presidency of the Roosevelt as a critical juncture defining the role of the US in the World War II. Thus, it would be reasonable to start discussion of the role of US in the World War II by discussing the election campaign of 1932 and see how the domestic politics defined the foreign policy of the US towards the events in 1939.

The scope of the current paper is not only limited to examination of the role of the US but also seeks to examine the role of another party to the war - Great Britain. In the first part of the paper we shall examine the formation of power and victory of democrats in the domestic elections of 1932, the essence of "New Deal" politics: its economic and social impacts and results. The paper will try to characterize main directions of the US foreign policy that would eventually define its role in the World War II.

[...] It was a dead end. W. Bankhead, a speaker from the state of Alabama of democrats, stated that the aims of the New Deal had been accomplished and there was no need in further reforms. In January of 1939 in his yearly speech and report about the state of affairs in the country President Roosevelt proposed no further reforms. He limited his speech announcing the end of internal debates and conflicts with regards to further changes in the economy. (Robertson, 2011) Roosevelt and World War II The New Deal failed to provide long-term economic stability in the US. [...]

[...] On 16 November 1933 diplomatic relations between the USA and the USSR were established. On 17 January Roosevelt nominates William Bullet, who was famous for his liberal views, as Ambassador to the USSR. The USSR was interested in American goods such as heavy machinery and other equipment for industrial production. The diplomatic relations with the USA was also important in containing Japanese aggression in the East. The US also benefitted from the situation. The USSR was a large market for its industrial goods, which was having difficulties at the time. [...]

[...] On 16 July 1940 Hitler issues a decree-authorizing invasion into the Great Britain. The German plan of invasion was supposed to be carried out under the code name of Lion?. But the German navy and land forces command insist on first of all establishing supremacy of German air forces and only then starting to implement the operation. In august German forces start bombardment of the Great Britain with aim of suppressing its military and economic potential, demoralization of population and forcing it in submission and capitulation. [...]

[...] The policy would not make distinction between the aggressor and the victim. In 1936 when Spain found itself in the midst of a civil war the congress prohibited any support to the Spanish government while the rebels headed by general Franco got strong support from the fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. The processes taking place around the world make it difficult for the US to keep the isolationist policy. The technological developments prove that two oceans cannot serve as a geographic protection from the outside aggression. [...]

[...] Europe gets divided between two camps: Western capitalist camp and eastern socialist one. Relations between two blocks worsen. After e few years after the end of the World War II starts the Cold War. (Adams, 2004; Fenby, 2006) Bibliography Adams, S. World War II. U.S.A: Dk Pub Print. Fenby, J. Alliance: the inside story of how Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill won one war and began another . U.S.A: MacAdam Cage Print. Ivanyan, E. A. History of the USA: A Reader. 2nd ed. [...]

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