A Panorama of the Latin American elections of 2004
- PART I: The Kyoto Protocol
- Global warming
- The vertices of the earth
- The contents of the Protocol
- PART II: American diplomacy around the Kyoto Protocol
- General Remarks
- The positions of the presidents of the United States before the Kyoto Protocol
- The presidencies of Bill Clinton (1993-2001)
- The term of George W. Bush (2001-2009)
Uruguay is a multiparty democratic republic, where the President is both the head of the state and the head of the government. The history of Uruguay shows the power struggle between the Colorado and the National Parties. However, in the elections of 2004, Tabare Vasquez from the Broad Front was elected President. His election to Presidency symbolizes the regeneration of political ideology in Latin America. Many political observers have begun seeing a renewal of the political spectrum in this continent, which is witnessing many changes.
This idea is reinforced by the political calendar, which in the timeframe of fourteen months sees ten presidential elections unfold. Politically, Uruguay is an illustration of the "left" dichotomy. It has the lowest poverty rate, and also has low levels of inequality. This is quite an accomplishment, as Uruguay is a part of the most unequal continent in the world. The president, Tabare Vasquez, borrowed left principles from the olden days, and combined them with new principles. This strategy has produced phenomenal positive results in Uruguay. This is shown not only through the mature relationship that Uruguay has with the United States, but also by the nation's ability to resist the ideological warfare on neo-liberalism.
In this document, the Presidential elections of 2004 will be analyzed. Through the analysis of these elections, this paper will try to understand the reason as to why Uruguay has chosen the "leftist" policy. This document will also try to find out the factors that has made the Latin American continent, in general, tilt towards leftist policy. It will also find out how the leftist policy of Chavez is different from the moderate leftist policy followed in a few countries. It will also study the emergence of the revolutionary left in the continent, and highlight the countries that have chosen the moderate leftist policy to achieve political democracy.
Tags: Uruguay; multiparty democratic republic; leftist policy; emergence of revolutionary left; analysis of 2004 elections; political democracy;