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Account for the failure of Clinton’s health care reforms

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  1. Introduction.
  2. The weaknesses of the plan and of its conception.
    1. Formation of the task force.
    2. Goal of the health care reform.
    3. The most important weakness of the plan.
    4. The political strategy of Clinton to pass his bill.
  3. The opposition the plan raised.
    1. The political opposition.
    2. The businesses affected by the reform.
  4. Conclusion.

In the United States in the early 1990s, both public opinion and political actors agreed that healthcare system did not work properly anymore. The American system is based on employment, i.e. those who work can benefit from a healthcare insurance, but unemployed people and half-time workers cannot afford it. With the depression of the 1980s, this system excluded many American citizens from health care. In the early 1990s, more than 40 million of American citizens had no health coverage . It is also one of the most expensive systems in the world; in 1992, $ 838,5 billion were spent in health care in the country . During the presidential electoral campaign of 1992, this question emerged as the electors' biggest concern. Candidate Clinton made the issue of healthcare reform the main point of his program. He promised ?to end welfare as we know it.? When he came to power, one of his first decisions was to set up a task force to work on the health care reform.

[...] It also prevented the United States from a health care reform for a long time. Today, the system had not changed, and great inequalities still exist. The United States are the most powerful country in the world, but their healthcare system is the least efficient and most unfair among the developed countries. This lack of social justice weakens the cohesion of the American society. BIBLIOGRAPHY Starr, Paul ?What happened to health care reform?? The American Prospect no (Winter 1995): 20-31. [...]

[...] The health care reform was to epitomize the liberalism?, as says J. Micklethwait[6]. Its advantages were to reduce the rising cost of healthcare, to make it easier to switch jobs and to solve the injustices in society. But the reality of the plan was ?Hillary a very complex report of 1367 pages which combined private financing, managed care, competition, universal coverage and cost containment. The task force proposed to maintain a work based insurance. All employers would have had to provide insurance for their employees. [...]

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