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Primary American elections of 2008

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  1. Introduction
  2. A potential economic and ecological importance
    1. A possible flexibility of the treaty for a future operation?
    2. Climatic upheaval with multiple outcomes
  3. Towards recognition of indigenous peoples
  4. The Arctic: a military zone that is highly strategic
  5. Conclusion

For three months, the American political panorama was exclusively devoted to the course of primary education, the first step after the presidential elections. The American presidential election proceeds in two stages; first of all, selection of the candidates of the Republican and Democrat parties by the mechanism of primary education and via the national convention of each party, then the presidential election itself. This electoral system was founded in 1776 at the time of the declaration of independence of the United States. We are interested here in the first phase of the American presidential elections and its primary education. So, before Republicans and Democrats compete to win the White House, the combat occurs within the parties where the candidates launch a crucial campaign in order to obtain the votes of their respective parties. This year, the choice of the 44th president of the United States proves to be dubious in the Democrat camp as well as in the Republican camp. However, if the candidates fail to get selected by the voters, it will be necessary to await national conventions and the vote of the super delegates in order to implement the passing of the primary education. The United States is the world's leading power, the whole world is watching it and it is an important issue both domestically and internationally.

Primaries allow Americans registered to a party to vote for the candidate of their choice or for delegates who have pledged their support and vote outside the party convention for the candidate. In most of the fifty states of the country, the primaries are held between January and June, although in general, everything is played out at the beginning of February, between the Iowa caucuses and the Super Tuesday, a period where a score of states voting is maintained. The course and shape of the primary elections depend on the party and also the various states. In most states, the primaries are in the form of a vote, which can be "open", "semi-open" or "closed" under the current legislation in each state. During the "open" primary, the voter does not have to be affiliated to either the Republican Party or the Democratic Party. In a "semi-open" vote, all registered citizens are invited to vote only for one party of his/her choice.

While, finally, the so-called "closed" primary only accept votes from those affiliated with one of the two parties. However, in a minority of states, the primaries are in the form of what is called a caucus, that is, a meeting, theoretically reserved for party members, where votes are openly done, by raising hands, for example.

About the compatibility of the result, it can vary depending on whether the delegates are appointed in proportion to the vote or not. Thus, in some states, there is the phrase "Winner take-all" that the candidate who wins a majority, even relative to support in a primary wins all the delegates from that state. For the nomination of their parties, candidates must receive a majority of delegates sent to the convention.

Tags: American elections, primaries in American states, Democrats, Republicans, Caucuses

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