Chinese regime from Totalitarianism to authoritarianism
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In its early years, the Chinese model was characterized by borrowing methods of totalitarian regimes (in addition to an authoritarian regime). It has continued to try to develop these especially in the Mao years. However, these methods were transitive. Today, China remains an authoritarian regime, not because of the degree to which authority exercised the plan but from its own characteristics inherited from the "totalitarian period.
The question now arises as to the direction that the organization may take the form of the Chinese political system because of its recent economic openness and the adoption of liberal method. It is currently developing a policy of democratization of the party but so far seems very limited. China has experienced a strong authoritarian regime, and the border between totalitarianism and authoritarianism in China is very thin. Hence, there is difficulty in identifying actual transitions in the evolution of Chinese political system.
China is first shaped by the will of the Emperor of Qin (son of heaven) to unify the Chinese territory under heaven and on earth. The unification achieved by a highly centralized administration will profoundly mark the way to conduct politics in China.
This commitment is coupled with a unifying denial of individualism advocated by Confucian philosophy. The individual is first part of a community to which it is dedicated.
China has a vast territory where it is difficult for power to control every province. China also lends itself to the establishment of an authoritarian regime. The authoritarian regime is defined by Guy Hermet by the fact that "authoritarian regimes are systems of state power concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups that are concerned above all to remove their political fate to the vagaries of a competitive game and it does not control from start to finish. ?
At the end of World War II and after several bloody battles between rival factions, the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949. It soon adopted communist ideology and showed its determination to overcome the colonial powers. It hopes to rebuild strength where it has a very important economic cultural center and is very influential in the sphere of the Asian continent under the title of "Middle Kingdom?.
The context has a very positive following with the defeat and withdrawal of Japanese troops.
The dictatorship of the Communist party (PCC) has been set up during the following years under the leadership of Mao Zedong. The latter became head of the party and government, that is to say, the Central People's Government Council (executive body).
In 1954, China adopted a constitution based largely on the Soviet fundamental law of 1936 under the dictatorship of the CCP and was behind the apparent democratic institutions. Mao became the president and the NPC took over the CCPC. The party was led by the Standing Committee of the Politburo chaired by March Zedong.
Tags: Chinese political system, totalitarian regimes, policy of democratization, Emperor of Qin, People's Republic of China, Mao Zedong, Communist party, Central People's Government Council