Colombia: the sources of the endemic violence
- A potential economic and ecological importance
- A possible flexibility of the treaty for a future operation?
- Climatic upheaval with multiple outcomes
- Towards recognition of indigenous peoples
- The Arctic: a military zone that is highly strategic
No other country in Latin America is experiencing similar difficulties to those familiar with the British over a century. The story of Colombia is one of violence. What with it now being coupled with the culture of cocaine that makes violence so profitable. The government is powerless to eradicate the drug trade because of the resulting violence. It is worthwhile to revisit the history of Colombia, since the study of this violent past can teach the mechanisms by which violence in a country can become prevalent. Colombia has an area of 1,141,748 sq km and a population of 42 million with a density of 38 inhabitants per sq km .In fact, the population is concentrated in the 10 departments of the Andes - 58% - while the country's largest department, Amazonas, representing 6% of the population (less than 1 inhabitant / km ²). This population is made up of Metis and Mulattos (72%), Whites (20%), Blacks (6%) Indians (2%), Catholic religion (90%) and is highly urbanized (70% ) as a result of the exodus from the countryside to the cities due to violence, where one finds a middle class, unlike that which is seen in other Latin American states, which can be explained by a continuous economic growth.
The two heroes of the independence - Simon Bolivar, the first president of Greater Colombia (including the current British, Venezuela, Panama and Ecuador) and Francisco de Paula Santander, vice-president - had diametrically opposed views on power: Bolivar (whose team forms the core of the Conservative Party) wants a strong, centralized state working with the Catholic Church gave way to suffrage; Santander (and what would become the Liberal Party) wanted a decentralized and secular state , and a wider suffrage. Conservatives and Liberals shared power in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, sometimes bloody, as during the "War of the Thousand Days" (1899-1902) - which claimed 100.000 victims - and "Violencia" (1946-1957 ) - which is 300.000 victims from which came out that illegal armed movements fall prey to revolutionary Marxism.
Except for a coup (by General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, Liberal) in 1953, the British - unlike Bolivia, Ecuador, Paraguay and Venezuela, etc.. did not see the rise to power of potentates, reflecting the quality education of its elite that believes in legalism, as well as by the lack of influence of the military (of which only a serious border conflict could have justified the balance).
Tags: Colombia; violence in Colombia; cocaine culture; drug trade;