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Comparison between Welfare state in France and Great Britain

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  1. Intoduction
  2. PART I: The Kyoto Protocol
    1. Global warming
    2. The vertices of the earth
    3. The contents of the Protocol
  3. PART II: American diplomacy around the Kyoto Protocol
    1. General Remarks
    2. The positions of the presidents of the United States before the Kyoto Protocol
    3. The presidencies of Bill Clinton (1993-2001)
    4. The term of George W. Bush (2001-2009)
  4. Conclusion

The empirical analysis of collective representations on the welfare state led to the establishment of two models in France. These models opposed traditionally. On the one hand, we consider the French model as based on generous social protection and is described as "the best in the world." On the other, it evokes the idea of an Anglo-Saxon, a term that is specific to a Frenchman who blends the American and British systems. It is defined as very liberal, based on minimum cover and controls the narrow beneficiaries. Other social systems like Swedish and German in particular are much less subject to representations. Beyond the widespread perception of the welfare state, it is particularly interesting to compare these representations to the reality of the welfare state in France and the British system, the European component of the Anglo-Saxon liberal model are present in the speech in France. The choice of France and Great Britain is therefore the central place and their opposition played a role in modes of perception of the welfare state. This comprised a major element of European economic and social landscape. Our discussion begins in the postwar period. If the foundations of the welfare state are considered, it did not really structure and develop after the Second World War. Thus, from this overall discussion, it should measure the greater or lesser distance between the two systems originally under their respective development, and contemporary questions facing them. The most common speech thus deserves to be nuanced. Indeed, from its origins, the French social security system is characterized by a profound ambiguity about its report to the British universalism. It is universal in the intentions of its founders who were influenced by the Beveridge report. The changes will otherwise decide the fate of the French system so that two very different models will eventually develop. However, mutations actually link to the "crisis of the welfare state" concept that is present in both countries and tend to the adoption of converged solutions in the French and British systems. More fundamentally, the relativization of the proximity of the U.S. system and an English system, which the anchor is more European system, calls for reflection on the unique relationship that characterizes the European identity and the welfare state.

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