Constitution and reunification in Germany
- Theoretical Framework
- The United States in decline?
- Challenging traditional stances
- Structural challenge: overcoming the hegemony
- The situation in China
- Tracks of thought
- Collapse of China
- Comparative Advantage
Since he became the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1985, Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev promotes a non-interventionist policy in democracies. For the first time in the history of the communist bloc; the satellites could express their opinions. Faced with a growing protest of the plan, due to social-economic problems and serious relaxation of troops of the Warsaw Pact, the German Democratic Republic, Democratic People 'model' according to propaganda images, awakens and expresses its desire for freedom.
On 9th November 1989, a unique event in the historical annals occurs: The fall of Berlin Wall, which had separated the East Berliners from the West. From that moment begins to germinate an idea that seemed inconceivable until then: there unification of Germany is now possible. Germany, European symbol of a world divided between two poles can, once the wall fell, was thinking about reunification.
The fact is that Germany was reunified on October 3, 1990, one year after the fall of the Berlin Wall. It is now necessary to consider the conditions of this unification, and the practices used to achieve this. What difficulties were encountered from a constitutional point of view? Similarly, to what extent did the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany influence this reunification?
At the end of World War II, the Grand Alliance disappeared due to many differences of opinion that erupted among the four winners: the United States, Britain and France oppose their former ally, Stalin, leader of the USSR. The fate of Germany was a topic of major conflicts between the superpowers who now run Europe: Germany was wiped out during the War. Everything had to be rebuilt.
First, the United States agreed that the priority was to de-Nazify Germany and judge war criminals, and those who actively collaborated with the Nazi regime. Therefore, the United States organize their trial at Nuremberg, the symbol of Nazism: the criminals were judged on the spot.
In addition, the United States, convinced that the economic crisis and despair of the Germans had brought Hitler to power (do not forget that he was democratically elected), made every effort to allow reconstruction of Germany so that such an event would never happen again (this offer of course had financial benefits for the United States, which placed the German economy under their control)
On the other hand, Stalin favored a system that would later prove surpassed in his opinion, rewrite a second Treaty of Versailles. This divergence of views increased the tension between the superpowers. Germany became the subject of contention between the U.S. and Stalin, so the defeated country became the symbol of the clash of two superpowers in Europe: Germany became a buffer zone which would compete in an indirect way with the former allies. The United States wanted to take over the German economy for it to fight against communism. Stalin, meanwhile, expanded his influence in Eastern Europe and installed communist regimes, either by will or by force, as in Hungary or Poland. The aim of Stalin was to expatriate communist doctrine in order to strengthen the influence of the USSR. In other words, he wanted to rule the world.
Tags: influence of the USSR, Treaty of Versailles, trials at Nuremberg