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Did the Catholic Church play a leading part during World War II?

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  1. The catholic church worked for peace
    1. The accession of the new Pope brought great hopes
    2. Pius XII's will of keeping peace
    3. The Pope tried to act as a mediator
    4. Pius XII's resignation
  2. The silence of the vatican?
    1. Contradictory attitudes after Italy's entry into the war
    2. The Russian question
    3. Ambiguous attitude with the Nazi regime
    4. Relations with the Western Allies
  3. Different countries, different behaviours
    1. The German clergy
    2. The Italian clergy
    3. The Hungarian clergy
    4. The French clergy
    5. The Belgian and Dutch clergies
    6. The Croatian clergy
  4. The church and the jews

The question of the part played by the Catholic Church during World War II is highly controversial. Historiography maintained its silence about this subject for quite a number of years. However, during the years 1964-1965, the Pope Pius XII had been the subject of numerous campaigns of denigrement. The controversy is still acute in the present scenario; some accuse the Pope of having been indifferent to the Shoah and not having spoken out against Hitler. Others consider that Pius XII worked behind the scenes to help Jews throughout the continent. Thus, the subject has stirred up much passion and still does, but now that most of the archives have been opened, it is probably easier to appease the debate and to analyze this very interesting topic.

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