Does Russia need a strong man at his head?
- PART I: The Kyoto Protocol
- Global warming
- The vertices of the earth
- The contents of the Protocol
- PART II: American diplomacy around the Kyoto Protocol
- General Remarks
- The positions of the presidents of the United States before the Kyoto Protocol
- The presidencies of Bill Clinton (1993-2001)
- The term of George W. Bush (2001-2009)
Russia, the largest country in the world, was under absolute monarchy until 1917. The Tsars, who ruled from 1547, continued to rule Russia until Lenin entered politics. Lenin's triumph over Tsarism marked the end of the Tsarist regime. After Lenin, various authoritarian men like Stalin, Gorbachev and Yeltsin ruled over Russia as the state heads. Stalin was a power hungry man and ruled Russia with an iron fist. However, the arrival of Gorbachev on the scene marked the dissolution of the once powerful USSR into the CIS nations.
Gorbachev had to hand over the leadership of Russia to Russian President Yeltsin. This was done grudgingly as there was mutual enmity between the two leaders. Though many people consider Yeltsin an ineffective leader, who allowed corruption to thrive, his hand-picked successor Vladimir Putin has been appreciated by everyone. This, however, does not discount the fact that Russia has had powerful men at its head. The arrival of Putin has allowed for the dominant traditions of the past to re-emerge.
All of the men who had headed the nation, while it was USSR, and headed Russia after the dissolution in 1990, have been powerful and able. All men, starting from Lenin, to Putin, have contributed towards shaping the Russia that we know today. Russia definitely needs a powerful man at the head, in order to run the show, and this is not a myth. The need for a strong leader is simple. The leader of the largest country in the world has to be someone that people don't take lightly.
He must be able to manage all internal and external conflicts present in the international front, and must be able to deal with other nations like the United States. The leader must be able to convey the strength and greatness of his country. Though domination has been the norm in Russia, there is a legitimization of power that tends to prevail here.
A unstable constitutional heritage: At first, a constitutional reform from 1988 transformed into the deep state institutions. Indeed, the introduction of secret ballot and multiple candidates was just an illustration. Subsequently, through the election and the broadcasting of debates at the sessions of Congress and the Supreme Soviet, millions of Soviet made learning the pluralism of opinions.
Also, thanks to the election of deputies in 1989 and 1990, voters were able to express their opinions for the first time and disavow the party candidates. But they do not have the ability to choose their representative at the national level. In fact, Parliament is responsible for electing the President of the USSR, in this case Gorbachev March 14, 1990.
For his part, Boris Yeltsin, then President of the RSFSR (Soviet Federative Socialist Republic of Russia) offered to the population in a referendum in March 1991 to elect the President of the RSFSR by universal suffrage. This allowed it to establish its legitimacy with the people and then be the strongman of the country through a popular investiture.
Tags: Tsarist regime, Congress and the Supreme Soviet, Soviet Federative Socialist Republic of Russia, Vladimir Putin