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Former Soviet Republics of Central Asia and democracy

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  1. Introduction.
  2. A region characterised by tightly-controlled states.
    1. Monopolization of powers and cult of the personality.
    2. Over-control on media and censorship.
  3. A population under pressure.
    1. Repression of the opposition movements.
    2. Authoritarian organisation of police and justice.
  4. Conclusion.
  5. Bibliography.

Nowadays, Central Asia can be considered as the ?Heartland?, that is to say the center of geopolitical positioning, given the abundance of natural resources in the region. Indeed this area, particularly Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, benefits from oil and natural gas reserves among the largest in the world, which explains the timorous attitude of Western countries toward Central Asian leaders. As we will study later on, the perspectives of human rights in the region are not as promising as those of the economy. From the tsarist conquest to the setting up of the Soviet regime, Central Asian people have submitted to strong powers. Gorbatchev's perestroika and then the collapse of the Soviet Union which led to the independence of the five former Soviet Republics gave big hopes to the population of this region.

Keywords: Bloodbath, Censorship, Constitution, Cult, Democracy, Jail, Opposition, Repression, Torture, Uprising

[...] Formers Soviet republics of Central Asia constantly deny these accusations. Concerning the case of opponents murders, like that of Altynbek Sarsenbaiuly, independent media protested against an unfair trail, a biased justice. The last example is the method employed by the Uzbek police in Andijan uprising. The authorities did not hesitate to shoot the demonstrator, which remind us the dark episode of the Tiananmen Square in China. In scale, the events bear comparison with that of Beijing in 1989, the example which is the most frequently used to express the State repression. [...]

[...] Quotation: ?Karimov had already ratcheted up the repression in the wake of the so- called Rose and Orange Revolutions in Georgia and Ukraine, former Soviet republics where public demonstrations helped usher in democratically elected governments; he didn't want their freedom fever to spread to his land? (from ?Back in the U.S.S.R.?, Time Asia, 2006-07-30). Translation of the quotation: ?Karimov avait déjà renforcé la répression suite aux prétendus Révolutions Rose et Orange en Géorgie et en Ukraine, ancienne républiques soviétiques où des manifestations ont aidé à mettre en place des gouvernements élus démocratiquement; il ne voulait pas que leur fièvre de liberté s'étende sur ses terres.? Torture Definition: Grammatical label: Noun Meaning in the text: Torturing; infliction of severe bodily or mental suffering. [...]

[...] French translation: Translation: Démocratie Quotation: country's oil has made it the leading player in Central Asia, and a welcome visitor to the White House, but economic success doesn't guarantee democracy.? (From ?Kazakhstan comes on strong?, Time, 2006-09-27) Translation of the quotation: ressources pétrolières du pays en ont fait le premier acteur en Asie Centrale, et un visiteur bienvenu à la Maison Blanche, mais le succès économique ne garantie pas la démocratie.? Jail Definition: Grammatical label: Verb Meaning in the text: Lock up or confine, in or as in a jail. [...]

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