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Movements of the extreme right in Europe

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  1. Introduction
  2. Lebanon: a new state from the French desire
    1. An arbitrary creation
    2. For a lasting impact
  3. The Lebanese reconstruction "the Syrian"
    1. The failure of institutions
    2. Lead to a new organization desired by Syria
  4. Conclusion

On November 11, 2007, a young Spaniard was killed in a clash that pitted anti-fascist militants and a neo-Nazi youth group affiliated with the Spanish National Democracy. On October 21, 2007, the UDC party strengthened its position as the leading political force in Switzerland. This party, claiming the conservative right, is perceived by some scholars and journalists as a party to the ED and was openly xenophobic about the populist tendencies.

These two events highlight the dual aspect of the classical ED in Europe: between organized parties with electoral strategy definite minority factions and violence around these parties. But the recent development of these political parties was able to collect a share of more electorate, and led to reconsiderations of the dynamics of the extreme right.

A "movement" is defined as a group of people who aspire to a change of an artistic, or social one. The "extreme right" is a set of movements and political parties that defend the values and ideas classified as extreme of the political spectrum. The problem is: "Are the conditions that favored the emergence of extreme right movements considering the phenomenon in general or do they dwell on the specifics of each political system?"

The modernization and adaptation of extreme right parties in Europe, the source of their ascent election should not mask the dissimilarity and the fragility of these parties.

The far right has experienced three successive waves. First, it is a wave of nostalgic neo-fascist parties in Italy and Germany (eg, Italian Social Movement and SRP party in Germany) and then a second wave in the years 1950-1960 with more parties out with the past (eg the Poujadism or German National Democratic Party, NDP) and finally the third wave from Scandinavia and Western Europe with national parties and populists that became widespread throughout Europe.

However, it should be noted that some right-wing parties like the FN and the FPO (Austrian Freedom Party) have long been victims of stigma because of the excesses of authoritarian and totalitarian regimes of the year 1930-40. In addition to the "ephemeral outbreaks" as Poujadism or Tixier-Vignancour (1962, 5% of the vote), the French extreme right is between low scores and failure to appear, and that until 1984 (which is equal to a turning point for the FN). Similarly, in Austria, the FPO will remain until the mid-1980s in the shadow of the duopoly of the SPO - OVP (Austrian parties).

Tags: Europe; movements of the extreme right; emergence of extreme right movements; modernization and adaptation of the extreme right parties;

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