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Sir William Beveridge - social insurance and allied services, 1942

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  1. Introduction.
  2. Great Britain during the World War Two : A reformist state of mind.
    1. A necessary break with the past.
    2. A vogue for social innovation which leads to the Beveridge Report.
  3. The Beveridge Report: A plan 'from the cradle to the grave'.
    1. A main goal : Abolition of want.
    2. The principles for a good social security system.
  4. The Beverage Report: The starting point of the Welfare State.
    1. The development of the Welfare State.
    2. A considerable impact.
  5. Bibliography.

This text is the introduction of the Beveridge Report, called Social Insurance and Allied Services. This report was presented to the British Parliament in November 1942 and was published the on 1st of December 1942. He was commissioned by Arthur Greenwood, in June 1941. William Beveridge (1879-1963) taught in 1908 at the university of East End in London. It was a place where the poorest workers could benefit of juridical advices and attended lectures. He contributed to the elaboration of the important reformist laws of 1911, the National Insurance Act (this measure gave the British working classes the first contributory system of insurance against illness and unemployment). He taught economy at the London School of economics (1919-1937) and then at Oxford in the University College. The Liberal government's National Insurance Act was prepared with assistance from experts like William Beveridge, Churchill and Lloyd George. W. Beveridge chaired the coalition government committee set up during the war to examine social insurance schemes. W. Beveridge was the most qualified man for a thought concerning social services.

[...] William Beveridge pleaded for a social security system which was: - generalized: everybody, because he is a British citizen, must have his minimal needs guaranteed by the national solidarity. - unified: only one contribution is necessary to access to all the benefits. - Uniform: the social benefits are the same for everybody. This principle is the central issue of the notion of social security. The system is financed by a unique contribution. The benefits are the same for all in case of loss of earning. [...]


[...] For William Beveridge, abolition of want required a double re- distribution of income, through social insurance and by family needs. (l.33). Moreover, want could be eradicated if the plan for social security included children's allowances, health and rehabilitation services, and maintenance of employment. B. The principles for a good social security system Line 80, W.Beveridge explained his point of view about social security: scheme of social insurance against interruption and destruction of earning power and for special expenditures arising at birth, marriage and death?. [...]

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