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The legislative debate on immigration in the United States and the Bill of April 2006

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The phenomenon of immigration undoubtedly constitutes a key mechanism of the establishment and evolution of the United States of America. It is also about a problematic question, the cause of much opposition, and sometimes of violence. In April 2006, the U.S. Senate began discussion of a bill that would provide an opportunity for illegal immigrants, whose number is estimated at 11 million, to be naturalized, while the House of Representatives has already approved a text criminalizing illegal residents on the floor of the United States..

Indeed, three months after the vote by the House of Representatives of the text addressing the fight against illegal immigration only in terms of the border closure, the Senate took,on April 2, 2006, a project legislation that keeps the same purpose, but matching the measures that were intended as "realistic" to address the problems of the moment.

Thus, the American Senate launched the debate on an alternative proposition to the House of Representatives, which was a less repressive solution. This project is a benefit for immigrants who recieve temporary work visas to quell the problem of illegal immigrants and the prospect of eventually acquiring U.S. citizenship. Meanwhile, it provides a tighter control on the workplace and in the meanwhile creating a status of "guest worker" as called by President George Bush. This reinforcement of the legislation of immigration under consideration by the Congress was put in place for a few months before the elections. This was backed by requests of the United States to the Mexican authorities to better supervise their borders.

The U.S. Constitution says very little about immigration and citizenship. The Naturalization Act of 1906, voted in 1906 to require applicants for naturalization to speak and understand English (language requirement). The Congress will impose a reading test (read forty words in a language) and an "exclusion zone Asians" (excluding Japan and the Philippines), despite the veto of the President. The Johnson Act of 1921 will introduce the quota system which will reduce the admission of applicants for naturalization based on national origin, Europeans will be accepted up to 3% of admissions in 1910. In election year, the discussion has become a matter of positioning for political parties and potential candidates in the presidential election race.

Tags: Immigration; United States immigration policies; legislative debate on immigration; bill of 2006

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