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1986-2006: elections in Brazil

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1985 marked Brazil's 21st year under a system of military dictatorship. During this period, there were two great parties which dominated the political scene.These were, ARENA and the MDB (the opposition party).Very few other parties such as the Party of the Workers, succeeded in infiltrating the political arena and took part in the legislative elections of 1982.

For this period, the President was elected by the indirect suffrage of the Parliament and controlled by the dictatorship. It was only with the Constitution of 1988 that the system of voting became universal in Brazil (even the illiterates were able to vote). The President was, henceforth, elected by the system of universal direct suffrage. Thus in 1989, the Brazilian people went to the ballot boxes to elect their President. Beginning with these elections, one can consider that Brazil knew how to obtain institutions that guaranteed the democracy of the country. Each election was consequently a revalidation and a consolidation of these assets. Lula stated at the time of its post-electoral speech on October 29th, 2006 that, ?Brazil lived one magic moment of the consolidation of the democratic process'. The new Constitution, with its standard of the democratic values, established general elections every 4 years to elect the President of the Republic, the Congress, the Governors as well as the House of Commons of the federate States. The municipal elections takes place every 4 years but follow the general elections.

Tags - Brazil, elections, democracy, Lula, ARENA

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