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Analysis of a conflict in Kosovo

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While speaking about the disintegration of Yugoslavia, many often say that the Yugoslav conflict started and finished in Kosovo. Indeed, the crisis of Kosovo constitutes one of the last stages of the dissolution of the socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It is said that the dissolution of this one was inevitable because, the Yugoslav federation rested on a fragile balance of various nationalities and minorities of which it was made up.

The conflict in Kosovo thus constitutes an obvious result of the process of the rupture of the federation which started in 1990. Being an autonomous region initially (1946-1968), Kosovo became an autonomous province of the Yugoslav Socialist Federal republic from 1968 to 1989, having thus prerogatives comparable with a republic, while remaining under the Serb supervision.

This autonomy was removed by Slobodan Milosevic in 1989, following Kosovo's independence in 1991. From this moment, Kosovo became the hotbed of tension and violence between its two principal communities, marked by massive expulsions and atrocities committed on both sides.

The conflict opposing the Albanians and the Serbs was for a long time a headache for the international community, which waited a long time before reacting. The characteristics of the statute of Kosovo, its composition and the aspirations of each part made the conflict and especially its resolution, all the more difficult. But what is the origin of this conflict? Who does the conflict oppose and where is it currently?

The answers to these interrogations constitute the research of this analysis, through which the author will try to give some brief replies. For that purpose, this work will be based on the theoretical framework of analysis of conflict. This document will thus review the parts, the problems, the interests, the needs, the values and the objectives. Then, the document will analyze the transformation of the conflict into war and the current location and the international strategies concerning the conflict and the intervention of this one.

Stakeholder analysis focuses on individuals or groups who are able to change the dynamics of conflict in one way or another. Opponents are thus individuals, groups or institutions that are directly in conflict and why it represents the realization of their objectives or not. Thus, the conflict is a major issue for both parties.

In the case of Kosovo, the actors (parties) in question are Serbs (through the Serbian armed forces) and Albanians (represented initially by the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK) and a local movement of resistance underground and then by the KLA).

Tags: Kosovo; conflict in Kosovo; analysis of Kosovo conflicts

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