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China, Confucian and Mao

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  1. China's traditional Confucian
  2. The Imperial period in China
  3. The influence of Confucianism in Marxism
  4. Mao's teachings
  5. Mao's attack on theory of humanism
  6. Marx's differentiation between man's social and biological natures
  7. Mao's use of violence
  8. Conclusion

China's traditional Confucian world view in the late Imperial period has often been compared to the Marxist world view adopted by the People's Republic of China during the Mao period. This raises important questions. In what ways were they similar? In what ways were they different? How did the foreign policies pursued by China imperial rulers and their Marxist successors differ.

[...] As a comparison with Stalin, Mao used violence in a much more open and selective manner. The open way in which he used terror strategies made it seem as though the regime had legitimized the use of terror tactics through the appeal of it various economic, political and social programs. Mao had done this in a way that proved to be far more effective than the Soviet's had previously done it. This success can be attributed in to the strict political control over the way that violence was utilized in the state at this time, as well as the careful way in which targets were selected for attack. [...]

[...] This is a presentation of a two-fold bio- social concept of the development of man in contemporary China that formed through the synthesis of the Confucian and Marxist theories of the self. John Garver's discussion of China as the ?epicentre of the world revolution describes Mao's efforts to build an anti-imperialist united front. It will be discussed what were the basic elements in Mao's unified front strategy of the late 1950s and 1960s. To what extent was it a response to China's perceptions of a threatening environment as opposed to a policy driven by Marxist revolutionary ideology? [...]

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