Croatia, the Balkans and Europe
- Its development over the years
- It economic policy
The territory of Croatia covers 56,610 sq km in the north-west of what is called the 'Balkan Peninsula', but the term 'Balkan' for Croatia will be discussed later. The country, whose capital is Zagreb, is bordered by Slovenia and Hungary in the north, by Serbia and Vojvodina to the east, and by Bosnia-Herzegovina and Montenegro to the south. The major cities which will be discussed are Zagreb, Osijek, Rijeka, Split and Dubrovnik.
On the map, Croatia has, according to Castellan, the form of a V lying west to east, transversely between the interior of the continent and the Mediterranean. The southern branch- the longest and most closely based in the Adriatic Sea coast, is between the Bay of Kotor (Cattaro) in Montenegro and Slovenia Savudrija, the border north of Istria. The northern branch runs from the wider border from Bosnia to the plains north of the Drava, and thrives on the plain of the Sava downstream from Zagreb, the capital of the country to Danube.
The population of Croatia is of 4.7 million people, or a density of 85/km2. The rate of population growth is negative (-2.4%) following the war and a sufficiently high fertility rate (1.94 children per woman). Croatia dissociated from Yugoslavia on June 25, 1991. It referred to a millennial state tradition, emerging from a conflict that has tested the new emerging European order. At the gates of Italy and Austria, they have long been under the influence of Hungary and the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
However, an experience common to the state of Yugoslavia began in Croatia as early as in 1918. Suspended during the Second World War and resumed in 1945, it was more at odds with Central Europe in a world bipolarized by the Cold War. Cooperation and integration in Central Europe began modestly and had its forces from the beginning of the decomposition of Yugoslavia. As Brunet stated, "the events after 1989 became the meaning of an aggregation in Central Europe which was itself being reassembled."
Included after the PGM in the Balkan peninsula of Yugoslavia, the breakup of the latter suggests a return to a definition of this order, more in line with the political and cultural history in the long term, as the prospects of European integration. One can therefore ask; By analyzing the mechanisms of its historical and cultural development, geopolitical and economic, and identity designs, which set wider geographic can one assimilate Croatia?
In this study one will see that the Yugoslav communist legacies have definitely marked the Croatian territory where the disparities of the traditional "Balkan" region. However, countered by a historical attraction to all Central European, Croatia is as a "new Central Europe? now. Indeed, the acceleration of territorial integration, economic and geopolitical in Europe and in Croatia is combined with a willingness to assimilate to European-union project.
By analyzing the Croatian geohistory one should not underestimate the influence of economic space, linguistic and geopolitical that the Yugoslav born have had since seven decades of living together. A "fragment of Yugoslavia" the Croatian area is marked by disparities and territorial organization characteristic of the whole "Balkan".
Tags: Croatia; Yugoslavia; the Balkans; analysis of Croatia development