Discovering a solution for Africa
Nowadays, the African situation is something which has been the subject of immense media attention, and is not shrouded anymore. This presents enough reasons for concern. Regarding the the African continent, it has been observed that more than one child out of ten does not live to reach five years, 39 million are affected with the AIDS virus, about half of the population does not have access to drinking water and one out of three suffers from chronic hunger. In the same way, when one evokes the Objectives of the Millennium regarding development, which should theoretically be achieved by 2015, the primary objective of education for all will only be reached in 2129, the reduction of poverty by half in 2147 and the infant mortality of two thirds in 2165.
This portrays a gloomy picture and seems to forecast very dark prospects that lead to a nihilist approach regarding the future of the continent. Thus, although Africa is the poorest continent , we question if the afro pessimism is justified, by borrowing the terms of Jean-Baptiste Duroselle and Andre Kaspi. Obviously, this idea of ?afro pessimism' is false because Africa surely does not lack in assets. For example, Africa's population is poor but its grounds are rich which contain abundant natural resources, which allow Stephen Smith, a specialist in Africa to declare: ?the Japanese are rich, though the ground which they live is ungrateful.
In the same way, but on the other hand, Africa is a poor continent paradoxically blessed abundantly by nature?. To tell the truth, its potential is immense: vacant grounds, considerable mineral resources, youth power are some of what is on offer. Democracy and good governance: First, the development is consistent with the installation of a stable and democratic regime. The competition between candidates succeeded the one-party rule in many African countries, and it was clear that today the trend of multiparty elections was unfortunately not present in all African countries.
Indeed, the book "Politics in Africa," by Daniel Bourmaud showed that the crisis of authoritarianism moved towards democratic innovation. Despite this transition, the Democrats were not immune to the authoritarian temptation and "African states were reluctant to search for an institutionalization of democracy." Similarly, one could not speak of "good governance" or the power of democracy. The African nation must respect the fundamental rights and it was essential with respect to Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948. Today, one cannot deny that development is not committed to respect for fundamental freedoms such as political and economic factors.
According to Amartya Sen, Indian economist and Nobel Prize in economics in 1998- "freedom was both the fundamental and the main tool of development." However, many efforts were still needed to meet these rights. Even today 1.5 billion people do not have direct access to drinking water so that thousands of children die every day from malnutrition and every 12 seconds a child dies from a disease caused by unsafe water or related to a lack of hygiene.
Tags: African continent, abundant natural resources, Stephen Smith, mineral resources, democracy, Universal Declaration of Human Rights