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Mexico and South Africa: The rising powers

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Today, South Africa and Mexico have become rising powers in their respective continents, both economically and geopolitically. The Republic of South Africa is a country located in the southern tip of Africa, and Mexico is the fifth largest country in the Americas. Both the countries are members of the UN, and other international organizations. These countries now have a global resonance that they deserve. The dynamism of their economies is because of the fact that they are regional business leaders. South Africa is the leading customer and supplier to most of the southern African countries. Mexico follows the model of the United States, who is its largest trading partner, and has managed to become the leading power in Latin America. However, strong divisions exist in these countries, and these divisions have intensified since the introduction of the neo-liberal reforms of the 90s.

Despite being rising powers, Mexico has 40 million inhabitants who live below the poverty line. Its dependence on the United States is enormous, and Mexico serves its neighbor by transforming itself into a reservoir that can supply cheap labor. In South Africa, the standard of life among different populations is different. The policy of affirmative action and great work has been flouted, and more than 40% of the population is unemployed. However, despite having major social problems to solve, these countries are good examples to other nations that are trying to merge into the new world order. Nine major political changes, which include the alternation in Mexico, and democracy in South Africa, have enabled these countries to feed their territorial ambitions. If this trend continues, both Mexico and South Africa will be two nations who will compete with the countries of the north shortly.

Both countries have climates and similar reliefs giving way to large mountainous terrains as the great escarpment in SA or the Sierra Madre Occidental in Mexico, to desert. Mexico has the tropical climate on the Yucatan and SA a subtropical climate in the southeast.

The two countries have many natural advantages related to their geographic area, including areas large enough to call them "big" countries. Indeed, Mexico has the advantage of having an area of 1,972,550 km2 against 1,219,912km2 for SA.

Their coastline is an asset to both geostrategic and economic development through trade and tourism. To the south, the sailing conditions are dangerous. This gives this area a strategic position to monitor maritime traffic, commercial as well as military, between the two oceans. The closure of the Suez Canal between 1967 and 1975 forced the ships to pass through the Cape which passed ¾ of oil imported by the Middle Eastern countries. Today there are 27,000 ships / year along the coast of South Africa with 25% coming from oil-producing countries. This situation reinforces the global situation.

Hot and humid areas are favorable to banana and citrus plantations while the temperate zones are favorable to wheat fields. Climates have been linked also to the pool of great civilizations like the Aztecs in Mexico who settled in the temperate zones, and today the population is concentrated in the central and western regions (temperate or cold).

Tags: Suez Canal, Sierra Madre Occidental, Aztecs in Mexico

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