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Party politics in Italy

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  1. Introduction
  2. The Christian democracy
  3. Italian Democratic Socialist Party (PSDI)
  4. A shake-up of the government structure
  5. The ideological leanings of the Christian democracy
  6. The main successor to Christian democracy
  7. Conclusion
  8. Bibliography

To understand the intricacies of Italian politics, one must understand the politico-ideological groupings or families that structure party-politics in the country. There are currently five political families in Italy: the ?Risorgimento?, the Catholic, the Marxist, the Fascist and the Green. It has been said that almost all of the political parties to emerge in Italy can be linked with one of these families. None of the parties in this political system have ever been able to work alone, they have had to rely on a coalition to make policy and govern. For all of the post-World War II era and up until 1994, Christian Democracy dominated politics in Italy as the main party in the government, and they were joined by the Italian Communist Party which served as the opposition. As party politics in Italy grew, so too did the evolution of the catch-all party, even though it would assume different names throughout and up to present day. This essay will discuss Christian Democracy and from this it will be shown that even though the name of this party has changed since it disbanded, its replacements still fall under the same politico-ideological grouping or family.

[...] While attempting to be a catch-all centre party like the Christian Democracy, Forza Italia did have one difference, and that was they had a new image, an image of progress and forward-looking, one that sought to distance itself from the problems of the Christian Democracy, but its basic ideology remained in line with that of the Christian Democracy. It was a liberal vision that developed a bridge between Catholics and non-Catholics. As can be seen in this essay, the Christian Democracy are an ideology from one of the politico-ideological groupings or families in Italian politics, and even though the name has changed, its ideologies can still be seen today in The People of Freedom Party. [...]

[...] As such, in the wake of a poor showing in the 1992 general election and two additional years of scandals, the party disbanded in 1994. At this time, the secretary of the Christian Democracy opted to change the name of the party to the Italian People's Party. Another individual, Pierferdinando Casini who was affiliated with the centre-right sect of the party created a new party known as the Christian Democratic Centre and they formed an alliance with Silvio Berlusconi's Forza Italia. [...]

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