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Tajikistan: Battling corruption

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  1. Introduction.
  2. Examples of corruption.
    1. Organized crime and corruption.
    2. Uranium mining and enrichment.
    3. The leadership of Joseph Stalin: Tajikistan labor camps.
    4. The government of Tajikistan.
  3. Contributing factors of corruption.
    1. Single root cause for the corruption problem in Tajikistan.
    2. Strong nationalist feelings.
    3. Soviet cultural assimilation.
    4. CIA operations in Afghanistan.
    5. The civil war and the war on terror.
  4. Fighting corruption.
    1. The OECD.
    2. The Ministry for State Revenues and Duties.
    3. Code of ethics for civil servants.
    4. The international military interests in the country.
    5. The installing of new computers and the upgrading of auditing standards.
    6. Economic reform in Tajikistan.
  5. Conclusion.
  6. Bibliography.

Tajikistan is a landlocked country in Southwest Asia surrounded by Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and China. The country is a republic headed by President Emomali Rakhmonov and Prime Minister Oquil Oqilov. There are currently NATO forces operating out of Tajikistan in support of the war in Afghanistan, and the Russian 201st Motor-Rifle Division help to guard the mountainous borders. The country underwent five years of civil war after achieving independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 and is now facing the difficulty of transitioning to a market economy in the wake of war, poverty, and corruption. The history of Tajik nationalism and radical Islam are important factors in helping to understand the countries current state of affairs and the problem of corruption. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's (OECD) anti-corruption strategy is in force and being implemented within the country, however Tajikistan has a long way to go before making a complete transition free of corruption and economic crime. This paper will give a history of Islam and nationalism in the country and will explain the goals of the OECD, while also giving a description of the current state of affairs in the region. The purpose of this paper is to outline the cause of corruption in Tajikistan and to propose a solution to this problem while also understanding the factors that created it. Corruption remains one of the leading problems in the country and is apparent in all forms of civil service.

[...] Conclusion Tajikistan's future may look grim in terms of fighting corruption because of the increased manipulation of the electoral process and the slow GDP growth rate and increased poverty levels, but there is hope for plans such as the OECD's anti-corruption strategy. With the help of the international community and intergovernmental reform the country has the ability to rid itself of some of the corruption problems it faces today. Islam and nationalism play important roles in the democratization of the government which has seen some reformative movements since the end of the civil war. [...]

[...] Corruption is directly tied to organized crime which has existed in Tajikistan for decades. The list of crimes committed in the economic sector of Tajikistan is vast and recent indications show that the list will continue to grow. There are many factors contributing to the corruption problem in the country and they are important to know so that the problem can be managed easier. Contributing Factors of Corruption There is no single root cause for the corruption problem in Tajikistan and there may be no easy solution, but some of the contributing factors to the problem can be identified which is important for those seeking a solution. [...]

[...] The OECD published an anti-corruption strategy for Tajikistan which is a good outline for how the country can fight its corruption problem. Fighting Corruption The OECD seeks to implement recommendations for changing and strengthening current anti-corruption laws in Tajikistan. The organization is made of 30 member states whose goal is to prevent economic crime and to encourage cooperation in international trade and business. The OECD has been active in several countries and organized the Istanbul Action Plan for Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, Tajikistan, and Ukraine. [...]

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