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The Civil war of Sri Lanka and the international players

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Since 1983, Sri Lanka has become the center of a civil war without any mercy by opposing the Sinhalese government towards the Tamil freedom fighters and to their organization, the LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam). Following the conflict, which caused the homicide of approximately 64,000 people, more than one and a half million refugees have fled to the United States, Europe and various other countries in Asia.

The Tamil diaspora has had very important weight in the international scenario. Sri Lanka is a small island, which became independent in 1948, after four centuries of European colonization. Today, its independence remains limited because of its proximity with its powerful neighbor, India from which it is separated by hardly 50 km.

Moreover, the Tamil population (18% of the Sri Lankan population), asserts a separate State called Tamil Eelam, which is partly made up of Tamils from India who worked in the plantations in the 19th century during the Colonization period. In short, much of these elements appearing as internal characteristics in Sri Lanka are actually the result of external influences.

Under these conditions, it seems difficult to study the Sri Lankan conflict, without being interested in the international actors, who have worked on it, and in particular, about the role of India in this scenario. We will examine the role of the international actors in the Sri Lankan civil war, their action and significant influences in this conflict.

To answer these questions, we will initially analyze the implication of India in the Sri Lankan conflict before studying the negotiation process of peace orchestrated by Norway.

The involvement of India in the civil war between the Tamil separatists and the Colombo government in early 1980 was due to several reasons. It follows, first, the desire of the Indian leaders to assert their regional power status in the international arena.

Tags: India ? Sri Lanka relationship, LTTE, crisis in Sri Lanka

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