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  1. History of the French army
  2. Organization and composition of the French army
  3. The Army
  4. The Air Force
  5. Navy
  6. The National Gendarmerie
  7. The news of the French army
  8. Conclusion

'The army' is the term used to denote all the resources in manpower and equipment that a community implements either to deter, or to repel the attacks of another community, or to attack. It is a hierarchical group of men, recruited directly or indirectly by a State or an organization, with some character of the state, equipped, armed and trained militarily to enforce by defensive or offensive operations, the interests of that State or that organization. The Army is a major institution of the Republic.

The French army is led by the Defense Minister, Herve Morin. The Army can defend a country, and also is involved with natural disasters to provide help (earthquakes, storms, oil spills (Erika), attacks etc.) or during major events (World Cup). The French army is now divided into three (four) bodies: the Army, the Air Force and Navy (and Gendarmerie Nationale); the fruit of over a century of history and upheavals. Since military service from 2001 was no longer compulsory, the French Army is made up entirely of professionals. This presentation will consist of three parts: first, a brief history of the French army, then the presentation of the organization and composition of the French army, and finally a detailed description of the French army.

Before the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, no organization was responsible for preparing the operations. Therefore it was necessary to improvise on when the war broke out. After this disaster, which showed huge weaknesses of the French Army, the country was implementing a major reform of the army by creating the position of Chief of Staff by order of June 8, 1871 in charge to rethink the organization, recruitment, and military operations. In particular, it is from this period that the army was consolidated into larger units (corps, divisions and brigades) whose organization is in place in time of peace, according to territorial divisions defined, whose designated commanders are responsible for their preparation and their conduct in battle if necessary.

The permanent organization,on the Prussian model (the winners of the 1870 war), provides a more satisfactory preparation of the troops and avoids any repetition of the terrible disorders of the imperial army in August 1870. Since the Revolution, the French army was the army of the people, all French people could be called to military service or mobilized in time of war. But the great military unit called "army" has only really appeared in 1914. It is the intermediate level between the strategic area and field tactics.

Tags: The French Army; presentation; organization and composition of the French Army; detailed description

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