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The first Italian Republic

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  1. Introduction
  2. The reasons for the Irish "no"
    1. The context of the referendum
    2. The reasons for the rejection
  3. The ways out of the crisis
    1. How did the crisis happen?
    2. What to do now?

This document discusses the Italian Republic by sharing the successes of the Italian system, and also presents its flaws for want of awards. The president of the Italian Republic has put in place Republic in a parliamentary mode. He is elected for a renewable seven-year term by an electoral college comprising MPs, senators and three delegates from each region. He has many traditional prerogatives as a Head of State granted by the Constitution, namely the choice of the President of the Council (equivalent to Prime Minister), the appointment to key government jobs (including one-third of the judges of the Constitutional court guaranteeing of the Constitution and its inviolability), the chief command of the armies, the enactment of laws, the ratification of treaties, the right of grace, and the right to dissolve the Assembly (except for the last six months of his term). However, these powers are exercised with the countersignature of the Chairman and severely limit its real power.

But these powers are exercised with the counter signature of the President greatly limits its real power. Yet for Duhamel it fills quite well the function required for the arbitration over the partisan divisions and against malfunctions of the State. The Chairman is appointed by the President of the Republic; it must then be invested by both Houses of Parliament, if there is no clear majority is the President to find a man and a coalition that can govern.

Failed reforms of the Constitution, passed by Parliament in late 2005, should have led to the creation of a "Second Republic" in which the territorial organization was a federal and where the Prime Minister (new name given to the Chief government) would have had sweeping powers as the Chamber of Deputies there would have been 530 members (100)) and the Senate of the Republic 265 senators (-50). The senators were also elected by indirect suffrage. This reform was overwhelmingly rejected by the Italian people in a referendum in May 2006.

Tags: The first Italian Republic; Republic in parliamentary mode; a ?second republic';

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