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Of Gustavo Capanema vision on the question in brazilian population protection act creating social family

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  1. Introduction
  2. Social Rights of the Family
  3. Demographic Issues
  4. Conclusion

When Getulio Vargas adopted Decree-Law 3200 of April 19, 1941 - on social protection of the family - was determining state intervention in poor and large families. New in Brazil and recent attitude in Europe, corresponding to the so-called "family issue" problematic within the critical and social debate in the nineteenth century occurred as a result of growing social and economic inequality after the consolidation of capitalism. Philanthropists, religious, doctors, civil servants and writers realized that the capitalist liberal idea of the nineteenth century did not bring equality of opportunity for all. Rather, he undermined, increasingly, the possibility of growth and development of the poorest, causing them suffering. Which was higher by mothers, elderly, sick and children.

The continuing progress of the industry, the new paths they entered the arts, changing relations between workers and employers, the influence of wealth in the hands of a small number next to the indigence of the crowd, opinion, finally, more advantaged where men form themselves and their more compact union, all this, not to mention the corruption of morals, gave final result in a fearsome conflict.

[...] São Paulo: Editora Atlas CHILDERS, Kristen Stromberg. Paternity and the Politics of Citizenship in Interwar France. in Journal of Family History, vol.26 nº1, January 2001. CORSI, Francisco Luiz. Estado Novo. Política externa e projeto nacional. Ed. Unesp CPDOC. A era Vargas. Ed. FGV CPDOC. Gustavo Capanema: ministro educação e saúde 1934-1945. [...]

[...] We understand, therefore, that despite the demographics have been a major factor driving the implementation of social protection of the family policies - both in Europe and in Brazil. But - with exceptions such as Germany, which used pressure and coercion - these policies helped little in resolving this population crisis. Despite massive government propaganda and financial compensation, the Family Allowance was an important policy favorable to the moralization of society, family structure and their generations (as in the case fascist); agreeing or warning with the pressures of the various interested in the subject: philanthropists, religious, literary, eugenics, feminist, pro-natalist and neo-Malthusian. [...]

[...] However, it can not be denied the importance of public policies to combat pauperism that plagued the most numerous Brazilian families, reducing the economic and social difficulties they faced. Importance proven by the image created by the figure of Getulio Vargas. REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS ACCAMPO, Elinor A. The Rhetoric of Reproduction and the Reconfiguration of Womanhood in the French Birth Control Movement, 1890-1920. in Journal of Family History, vol.21 nº3, July 1996. BALDWIN, Peter. Social Interpretations of Nazism: Renewing a Tradition. [...]

[...] Facism, Fatherhood, and the Family in the Interwar France: the case of Antoine Rédier and the legion. In Journal of Family History, vol.24 nº3, July 1999. LEÃO XIII. Carta Encíclica Rerum Novarum: sobre a condição dos operários in MARTINS, Ana Paula Vosne. Dos Pais Pobres ao Pai dos Pobres: cartas de pais e mães ao presidente Vargas e a política familiar do Estado Novo. Relatório final de atividade de pós-doutorado apresentado ao CNPq: Rio de Janeiro Artigo no Prelo. MCLAREN, Angus. História da Contracepção. [...]

[...] In France many groups started pro-natalist propaganda, claiming that the true patriotic man was one with many well-nourished children who could serve the nation in war and in its construction. Noteworthy attribute "well nourished", since the situation of the lower classes was quite different from the middle and upper classes. While these little reproduced, those generated lots of children. However, these children - the future of the nation - had little expectation of life and growth in an increasingly unequal society. [...]

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