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Homosexuality in China

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  1. Introduction
  2. History
  3. Psychiatric evaluations
  4. Chinese gays: Relationships and sexual practices
  5. Discrimination and homophobia
  6. Mental health issues
  7. HIV and homosexuals
  8. Theories of oppression and repression
  9. Conclusion
  10. Bibliography

Despite being the most populous and regulated nation in Asia, China still does not have any official statistics on the number of homosexuals in the country. However, unofficial estimates indicate that there may be 20-40 million homosexuals currently living in China. Yet until recently, there was almost no mention of the word homosexual or any information on this topic, which is still considered a taboo in many parts of the country. The modern government, regardless of their many advances, still maintains a stoic silence akin to Communist-era China when it comes to gays and lesbians.

[...] Celluloid Comrades: Representations of Male Homosexuality in Contemporary Chinese Cinemas. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press Lingiardi, Vittorio, and Jack Drescher. Mental Health Professions and Homosexuality: International Perspectives. New York: Haworth Medical Press Lock and H. Steiner. Gay, Lesbian and bisexual youth risks for emotional, physical, and social problems: results from a community-based survey. Journal of American Academic Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Mar; 297- 304. Lock Kleis Origins of homophobia in males. Psychosexual vulnerabilities and defense development. American Journal of Psychotherapy 1998 Fall; 425-36. [...]

[...] Although there are no explicit laws prohibiting homosexuality or same-sex acts between consenting adults, neither are there laws protecting gay people from discrimination, nor are there any official gay rights organizations in the country. The Chinese policy towards the gay issue today remains the oft cited "three no's": no approval, no disapproval, and no promotion (Zhou 2004). After a brief history leading us to today, I will investigate how China came to its modern state on LGBT rights and restrictions. [...]

[...] As more is understood about the government's role in suppressing the voices of the LGBT community, it can be better understood how this widespread view of homosexuality has pervaded Chinese mentality over the last several decades. There are a variety of reasons why gays and lesbians living in China should gain the freedom of the government acknowledging their basic human rights. In addition to no longer living in fear, LGBT citizens should be free to petition the government for same-sex marriage rights, adoption privileges, and equal protection under the law. [...]

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