Search icone
Search and publish your papers

Income Inequality evidence and Policy Representation- American Politics

Or download with : a doc exchange

About the author

General public

About the document

Published date
documents in English
case study
3 pages
General public
0 times
Validated by
0 Comment
Rate this document
  1. Introduction
  2. Income Inequality evidence
  3. Policy Representation
  4. American Politics
  5. Conclusion

There is incontrovertible evidence that the American income inequality has increased, while the social mobility has reduced. It is widely known that states with higher income inequality have lower social mobility, in cases of income-based definition of mobility. This implies that increasing social mobility is somehow hard without tackling inequality. In addition, if tackling inequality involves measures aimed at compressing income distribution, it may have a long-run effect on the economic growth. There are policies aimed at improving the social mobility, often on the most disadvantaged individuals, particularly the least skilled. Evidences on skilled-base technological changes suggest high costs are involved in investing on people with low levels of skills, which will make achievement of gains very difficult. However, for some individuals it means an increase in wage (Flavin 29).

There are increasing evidences that the labor market in the U.S. is hollowing out. However, this does not seem rather different in cases where one does not consider jobs by the level of income, but by the level of skills. This feature suggests that helping those at the bottom to move up will be hard and costly than it will with helping those somewhat above the bottom. As can be seen from the recent rise in the supply of university graduates and expert workers, the wage premium of the graduates have decreased; however, the economic theory suggest that further increase of the supply of highly skilled workers in the absence of the dramatic demand for skills will reduce the rising pressure of income at the top.

[...] For instance, defensive realists assumed that states possess little interest in military conquest and argued for the cost of expansion overshadowing the benefits. This theory maintains that wars occur because domestic groups foster perceptions of threats that are more exaggerated, as well as excess faith in the usefulness of military force. Bibliography Flavin, Patrick. "Income Inequality evidence and Policy Representation in the United States." American Politics Research (2012): 29-59. Print. Jackson, Robert and Georg Sørensen. Introduction to International Relations: Theories and Approaches. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003: 65-69. Print. [...]

[...] Despite these, world leaders often come out to defend this ideology, and the inequality created. The realist theory put more emphasis on the enduring propensity for conflicts between states; liberalism theories call for ways of mitigating these tendencies of conflicts while Marxist theory suggests ways of transforming the entire system of the state's relations. Realism theories dominated the theoretical traditions throughout the Cold War era (Jackson 65). The classical realists like Hans believed that the state, just like human beings, had a desire to dominate over the others, which resulted to wars. [...]

[...] There is indeed a tendency for higher social mobility in countries with smaller income differences. In such cases, social mobility has been used to justify the larger income gap, and the neoliberal policies have played a greater role. The policies in many cases have excluded people from opportunities based on their background, wasting away their talents. The widening income gap shows that those born rich are more likely to stay rich, likewise to those born poor. How neo-liberalism relates with income inequality has been a contentious issue. [...]

Similar documents you may be interested in reading.

Knowledge, growth without scale effects, and the product life cycle

 Economics & finance   |  Economics   |  Thesis   |  07/27/2006   |   .doc   |   260 pages

Is the American rap industry in the filiation of the soul industry under Motown?

 Arts & media   |  Arts and art history   |  Thesis   |  09/29/2010   |   .doc   |   40 pages

Top sold for social sciences

Critically evaluating the ASPIRE model of social work

 Politics & international   |  Social sciences   |  Presentation   |  02/20/2009   |   .doc   |   7 pages

SWOT analysis on National Society of the Prevention Cruelty to Children's Online Program

 Politics & international   |  Social sciences   |  Term papers   |  05/30/2009   |   .doc   |   4 pages