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  1. Introduction
  2. Latin America
  3. Social inequality, democracy, capitalism
  4. This political-institutional
  5. Conclusion

In Latin America, social inequality can lead to the strengthening of anti-democratic convictions and further develop the "apartheid" prevailing social. The intervention of the political in the definition and implementation of economic and social policies is becoming more necessary, and the State fulfills that coordination of multiple forms task. As stated LECHNER (1996):

The carrying capacity is, in my view, the power of the State social forces around a development perspective. Refers, therefore, the political decision about the social objectives and design strategies consistent with such purposes.

The term substantive democracy, which comes from the political struggle between classes, would be intrinsically linked to the issue of social democracy, that is, the realization of the distribution of the material conditions of survival and rise in the social scale (health, education, employment, housing, among many others).

[...] Even social democracy, and in particular Sweden, are freed of these changes. The political-economic and institutional framework that combined the Social Democratic Party - SAP - the Trade Union Confederation of Workers Manuals - LO - and that for a long time, maintained a close relationship between the economic and social development processes in Sweden, begins is cracked from the eighties. This change is intrinsically related to major changes in the international scene, who are allied to changes in production flow and less State intervention in the market and regulation of social democratic commitment. [...]

[...] The state is the "organization for the preservation of production conditions and, as such, the conditions of existence and operation of the unit of production method and training" (Poulantzas, 1977). Thus, democracy and capitalism do not occur in isolation. The intervention of the social-democratic state is a guarantor factor on the one hand, better distribution of the conditions of the goods produced in society and on the other, the reproduction of capital. The state is ultimately the center of politics. [...]

[...] They should both be juxtaposed in the democratic process. In capitalist societies, the dilemma between democracy and market is a constant tension. As stated previously, in European countries, where the social democratic arrangement thrived in the best possible social, political and economic, it was through a compromise whereby workers accept private property and profit, and, for his part, the capitalists agree with the training and the existence of trade unions and political parties linked to the working class. With that commitment, the political forces come into competition and at the same time, seek, through institutional mechanisms, establish economic and social policy agreements. [...]

[...] In: The politics of economic adjustment. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press DO, CAP Crisis in Swedish social democracy: the dissolution of old loyalties. Data - Journal of Social Sciences, v no FIORI, JL In search of lost dissent: critical essays on the celebrated state crisis. Rio de Janeiro: Insight Editorial Friedman, M. Capitalism and freedom. London: Art Nouveau HUNTINGTON, S. Political order in changing societies. London: Forensic- University / Edusp 1975. KURZ, R. [...]

[...] France: Les Éditions Ouvrières Cardoso, A. M C., A. The sectoral councils, productive modernization and democratization in labor relations in Brazil: the experience of the automotive sector. In: Brazil at the turn of the century. Rio de Janeiro: Relume Dumará 1995. DAHL, R. Democracy and its critics. London: Yale University Press Evans, P. The state of the problem and the solution to. [...]

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