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Africville: The destruction of a community in the name of urban renewal

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  1. Introduction.
    1. A black community located on the outskirts of Halifax.
    2. The existence and treatment of Africville.
  2. The result of the war of 1812.
    1. Freedom in exchange for joining the British Army for Black Loyalists.
    2. Impoverished black communities across Canada.
  3. Africville.
    1. Isolation and location - Campbell Road in the Bedford Basin.
    2. Undesirable industry.
    3. Devalued land surrounded by unpleasant and dangerous facilities.
    4. The lack of running water, proper sewage, police services, and proper schools.
    5. Government housing schemes.
  4. Conclusion.

Africville was a black community located on the outskirts of Halifax, built by Loyalist descendants, and destroyed for the sake of urban renewal in the late 1960s. Canada has always prided itself on its race relations, often comparing its own history with that of the United States. However, this self-proclaimed pristine image is often tainted. The Africville residents were not even recognized as a community, despite the presence of schools, churches, and self-run social supports. The black residents were without a voice on city councils in Halifax. Their presence lacked on planning committees, and subsequently numerous factories, a prison and a dump were all built in close proximity to Africville and away from the rest of Halifax. Town services such as water, sewage, and policing were also not made available to the area, though it was inside Halifax's city limits. The existence and treatment of Africville was racist, and yet even though its destruction was done in not only the name of urban renewal, but also as a way of ending racism and segregation in Halifax, the relocation of the Africville residents was also a blight on Canada's image.

[...] Halifax's North End. Nova Scotia: Lancelot Press Hoy, Claire. ?Black Slum is Gone, but Discrimination Lives on in Halifax,? Toronto Daily Star July Ministry of Citizenship, ?African Canadians Historical Facts and Siginificant Dates Fact Sheet'. (Feb 2002) (Feb 2003) National Film Board of Canada. Video: Remember Africville. Montreal Proudfoot, Dan. ?Canada's Own Stokely Carmichael,? Toronto Daily Star March Stuparyk, Melanie. ?Africville, the Devastating Story of a Black Settlement in Halifax,? Imprint no (Feb 2001). Walker, James W. St. G. [...]

[...] Land ownership was continually kept out of the hands of many and used as a power tool by the government in dealing with residents. The history of the government's management of Africville is one example of the many disgraces that tarnish Canada's self-created pristine image in race relations, especially when comparing itself with the United States. Africville was lost, but hopefully its lessons will not be forgotten. RESOURCE LIST Bobier, Richard. ?Africville: The Test of Urban Renewal and Race in Halifax, Nova Scotia,? Past Imperfect [Canada] (1995), 163-180. Canada Press. ?Relocation Hurt N.S. [...]

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