Chinese healthcare system
- Successful decentralisation and privatisation of the economy.
- Decentralisation of the health care system.
- Implementation of a new health care system.
- Disparity in the users of this healthcare system.
- The outcomes of the Chinese healthcare system.
- Performance of the system.
China has recently changed its healthcare system. After the Chinese Communist Party took control of China in 1949, they created a health care system for its peasant population. For 50 years, the communist government took care of the health needs of the country. It dictated what was necessary and paid for it. The system was completely public. The central, provincial, and local governments owned, funded and ran hospitals. Medical care was provided at either no charge or very little charge to patients. The private practice of medicine disappeared, every doctors worked under the government control. Most public health services were provided through the Cooperative Medical System which was staffed by barefoot doctors with minimal basic training in Western and traditional Chinese medicine.
[...] Taking into account these strengths and weaknesses we could issue some recommendations for Chinese authorities. First looking at the demographics of this country, we could see that aging population will soon become an issue that china will for sure have to face; indeed the percentage of Chinese people aged between 40 and 69 is expected to rise by 240% between 1990 and 2030. As we said before, china is starting to convert its health care into a ?westernized and that is a good thing as their economy is becoming more and more liberal that they take inspirations from older system. [...]
[...] China also decentralised its public health system and reduced central governmental funding for local public health efforts. Local health authorities focused on revenue-generating activities and neglected health education, maternal and child health, and control of epidemics. Nowadays, China has moved into a more capitalistic, entrepreneurial era. There is currently no system of private health insurance, although many firms are looking to start such programs. Despite this absence of an official private healthcare system, patients can pay an additional amount of money to see a physician of their choice, at a more convenient time, or to receive individualized care. [...]