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Crack Vs Cocaine Class Disparities

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  1. Introduction.
  2. Review of Related Literature.
  3. Cocaine: Facts and History
    1. Effects of Cocaine.
    2. History of Cocaine Use.
  4. Social Classes of America.
    1. Upper Class.
    2. Middle Class.
    3. Working Class.
    4. Lower Class.
  5. Crack vs. Powdered Cocaine.
    1. Powdered Cocaine.
    2. Crack Cocaine.
  6. Class Disparity on Powdered Cocaine and Crack Cocaine Use.
    1. Introduction of Cocaine to the Capitalist Economy.
    2. The Disparity of Crack vs. Cocaine Use.
    3. Sentencing Policy on Cocaine and Crack Cocaine.
    4. Racial Disparity.
    5. Legislative History.
  7. Conclusion.

Cocaine is considered to be a stimulant drug which is powerfully addictive. The use of cocaine, in either powdered form or in the crack pellet form, is worldwide and is considered to be one of the drugs that are a great threat to the world. The threats associated with cocaine are the violence and the mental and social side effects that accompany its use and trafficking. Cocaine is also considered a worldwide threat because of the physical and psychological effects that are associated with its use which can damage any society. Cocaine use differs within the society as cocaine has many forms that can be taken by individuals through different routes of administration. Two forms of cocaine are the powdered cocaine and the crack cocaine which are used differently by various individuals belonging to different social classes.

[...] Thus, college education is one of the main indicators of middle class status. Middle class values tend to emphasize independence, adherence to intrinsic standards, valuing innovation and respecting non-community. Politically more active than other demographics, college educated middle class professionals are split. The income per household among members of the middle class varies and may exceed annual income of $100,000 (Dennis Gilbert 2002). Household figures, however, do not always reflect class status and standard of living, as they are largely influenced by the number of income earners and fail to recognize household size. [...]

[...] The distribution of crack cocaine was mostly concentrated mainly in low- income inner city neighborhoods consisting of low class, working class and up to the lower middle class individuals or households. The distribution of crack in these inner city neighborhoods provided some entrepreneurial residents the opportunity to move up the economic and social ladder by joining in the distribution of the crack cocaine drug (Bruce Jacobs 1999). The use and distribution of crack cocaine became so popular in low-income cities that were in social and economic chaos because the distribution of crack required low-skill levels and only minimal initial resource in order to convert powdered cocaine into crack pellets. [...]

[...] Both powder and crack cocaine cause distribution-related violence, but crack is more often sold in volatile settings (Michael Coyle. September 2007). Sentencing Policy on Cocaine and Crack Cocaine Although the two types of cocaine cause similar physical reactions, the sentences that users and sellers of the drugs face are vastly different. An individual, who possesses 500 grams or more, would get a conviction of 5 years. But for crack, a conviction of possession with intent to distribute carries a five year sentence for only 5 grams. [...]

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