- Implementing birth control within developing countries.
- The energy issue: The developing countries' burden.
- The worldwide stake: The demographic pressure on energy prospects.
- Mathematically sound: The energy consumption per habitant proof.
- By which means?: Government policy making.
- Energy consumption as a spectrum of factors or the primacy of a sound and rationalized development.
- The limits of demographic pressure on energy demand.
- Difficulties in meeting energy demands explain the stagnation of per capita energy consumption.
- The main priorities to developing countries' development or the energy issue as a primary-order issue.
- Which solutions? From a regional to an international issue.
- Improving energy use and supply efficiency or a comprehensive strategy.
- The case of renewable resources.
- Social acceptability or the North-South dialogue's demand.
While Malthus was already painting a negative picture of the worldwide situation in 1798, he was also drawing up his famous prediction that population would outrun food supply, leading to a decrease in food per person. Indeed, there is a mathematic distortion between human reproduction rate and their capacity to produce subsistence means (production). That is why Malthus advised to reduce and limit the demographic growth, above all within the developing countries, so Marcel BOITEUX is asking for during the World Energy Congress in Montreal in 1989. Developing countries are characterized by high rate of population growth, an increasing demand in energy, scarcity of capital and profound differences in the quality of life between urban and rural segments of the population. Hence, several specialists are pointing the finger at the demographic growth, considered as a burden not only for the developing countries' development but also for the worldwide community's sustainability. In his speech, Marcel Boiteux emphasizes the complex interrelationships among changes in population, economic development, and energy consumption. With respect to energy use, qualitative dimensions of rising demand, as well as any demographic pressures on resource availability, seem to require our attention. Why does population growth evoke so much discussion? Why is it a cause for alarm? Why is M. Boiteux as well as Malthus looking for ways to bring about a decline in the rates of developing population growth? Despite the obvious relevance of those questions, a better one would be to know whether the world has sufficient energy to cope with the future demand while developing countries are seeking to improve the quality of life of the majority of their populations.
[...] Energy consumption as a spectrum of factors or the primacy of a sound and rationalized development a. The limits of demographic pressure on energy demand Nevertheless, we have to consider the multiplicity of factors that influence the total energy consumption (energy demand) of developing countries, in order to appreciate the weight of population growth within energy strategy. Actually, the energy strategy of a country is linked to many factors, many of them external to the energy sector itself, such as the domestic availability of natural resources required for expansion of the economy, the social goals for a more equitable economic base and the energy required by existing technologies to produce basic goods. [...]
[...] Web sites - DARMSTADTER J Energy and population. http://www.rff.org/Documents/RFF-IB-04-01.pdf; - Démographie et croissance économique. http://supercdi.free.fr/ses/demographie.htm; - DUNCAN R.C.2001. World energy production, population growth and the road to the Olduvai gorge. http://www.hubbertpeak.com/duncan/road2olduvai.pdf. - Energie et population : définition de la théorie de Malthus et des thèses néo-malthusiennes. http://www.voxdei.org/afficher_info.php?id= 5540.204 ; - GIAMPIETRO M. and PIMENTEL D The tightening conflict: population, energy use, and the ecology of agriculture. http://dieoff.org/page69.htm ; - PIMENTEL D., HUANG X., CORDOVA A. and PIMENTEL M. Impact of population growth on food supplies and environment. [...]
[...] Energy use in developing countries is also of global environmental problems and modern energy technologies face environmental constraints (US Congress, 1992). Hence, we have to establish a main priorities' agenda to overcome those constraints. c. The main priorities to developing countries' development or the energy issue as a primary-order issue First of all, insufficient national energies should be commuted with imported energies through prospecting and production programs in order to reduce external dependence and to limit indebtedness. Then, by promoting the use of electricity, deforestation and its progression would be hold back. [...]