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Gender wage gap : Why is it that the median male wage earner earns 20% more than the median female worker?

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  1. Sexism - present or exception.
  2. Theories on why females are paid less.
  3. Simon Baron-Cohen's alternative theory.
  4. Contributor to the gender gap.
  5. The wage gap - reasons.
    1. Gary Becker's model of 'consumer and government segregation'.
    2. Sylvia Walby - patriarchy theory.
    3. Calculation of wages.
  6. Conclusion.

The wage gap between men and women is a widely recognized concern in today's society. In this paper I will try to address the main reason for this difference. Why is it that the median male wage earner earns 20% more than the median female worker? While there are many suggestions out there for why men earn more, there are few that are confident in their answers. In this paper I will discuss a number of theories that contribute to a difference in wage between men and women. In the end I found that, while gender discrimination in the workplace may occur, there are also a number of other factors that contribute to this wage gap that discrimination play no part in.

[...] In conclusion, while some discrimination does still occur, there are many other factors that must be corrected before the gender wage gap is destroyed. References: 1 Stites, Janet. ?Equal Pay for the Sexes.? HR Magazine, May 2005: 32- 2-6 Browne, Jude. Sex Segregation and Inequality in the Modern Labor Market. Policy Press 18- Pinker, S. and Spelke, E.S.(2005) The science of Gender and Science: Pinker vs Spike: A debate, Harvard University, Mind/ Brian/Behavior Initiative (www.edge.org/documents/archive/edge160.html#d) Taubman, Paul J. ?Discrimination Within the Family.? Essays on the Economics [...]


[...] He claims that female brain is predominantly hard-wired for empathy? whereas male brain is hard-wired for understanding and building systems.?5 While it sounds similar to Goldberg's theory, Baron-Cohen argues that theory explores averages of sex difference, and that these should not be confused with stereotypes like those implied by Male Dominance Theory.?6 While it is possible for members of either gender to have more empathy or understanding, he is looking at the average of each gender rather than the exceptions. [...]

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