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Review and critique of the social problem solving inventory

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  1. Abstract.
  2. General information.
  3. Test description.
  4. Test content.
  5. Purpose of test.
  6. Test structure, administration and acoring.
  7. Technical evaluation.
  8. Standardization/normative sample.
  9. Reliability.
  10. Validity.
  11. Practical evaluation.
  12. Summary evaluation and critique.
  13. Strengths and weaknesses.
  14. Recommendations.

The original Social Problem-Solving Inventory (SPSI) was introduced in 1990 based on theoretical problem-solving models developed by Thomas D'Zurilla and associates throughout the two previous decades. The most current version is the Social Problem-Solving Inventory-Revised (SPSI-R), copyrighted in 2000, and it is this version that will be reviewed. The SPSI-R has a long version, consisting of 52 questions, and a short form of only 25. While the original was available only in English, the SPSI-R is offered in both English and Spanish. All revised versions, including the long and short forms, were authored by D'Zurilla, Arthur Nezu, and Albert Mayeu-Olivares, and are currently published by Multi-Health Systems, Inc. The test is sold in kits, priced at $86 for a complete kit including the technical manual, 25 long version QuikScore? forms, and 25 short version QuikScore? forms. The Long Version kit may be purchased for $61 and the Short Version kit for $59, with both kits containing the technical manual and 25 of the appropriate scoring forms.

[...] Internal consistency data were collected only on the four normative samples (not including ?distressed? populations), and for all five scales of social problem- solving ability, by re-scoring protocols from some of the earlier samples using only those items that had carried over into the revised version and then doing the factor and correlational analyses again (D'Zurilla, Nezu, & Mayeu-Olivares, 2002). The alpha coefficients ranged from .60-.95 with 26 of the 36 internal consistency estimates in the .80+ range. high coefficients may be explained by the repetition of the same items stated in a different way, which is an inherent characteristic of self-report formats (Lindsey, 2004).? Test-retest reliability estimates were reported as adequate to high (.68 to .91), for both a subsample of 138 of the young adult group (3-week period), and for an additional sample of 221 nursing students (6-week period). [...]

[...] (1990). Development and preliminary evaluation of the Social Problem-Solving Inventory [Electronic version]. Psychological Assessment: a Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 156-163. Retrieved on June from EBSCOHost website. D'Zurilla, T., Nezu, A., & Mayeu-Olivares, A. (2002). Manual for the Social Problem-Solving Inventory-Revised. Canada: MHS, [...]

[...] As previously mentioned, the original test was designed to identify strengths and weaknesses in the individual's social problem-solving abilities, primarily for research and study purposes, as there was very little information regarding problem solving ability and its effects on the individual's psyche, relationships, or everyday life when the original SPSI was developed. Over the course of development, however, the implications for application of the results focused more on providing training and counseling in order to assist the individual in acquiring or strengthening constructive problem-solving skills (D'Zurilla & Nezu, 1990). [...]

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