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The Current Status of Women in Algeria

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  1. Introduction
  2. A Brief History of Algeria
  3. After the War of Independence
  4. Modern Development, 1980 to the Present
  5. Current Status of Women's Rights in Algeria
  6. Conclusion

Women in the Untied States enjoy a high standard of living that is often unparalleled in the developing world. Although Western women still face challenges when it comes to gender roles and their position in the workplace, the rights that have been granted to women are among the most notable accomplishments for women in the international community. It is for this reason that when the issue of women's rights comes into question, the rights and freedoms that women have achieved in the Western world are often used as a model for the development of women's rights in foreign countries.Looking across the broad scope of the international community, it is evident that women in various developing nations are attempting to move their societies toward a more liberated environment in which women enjoy the same freedoms and privileges as men. Interestingly, however there are some notable instances in which women are not fighting for liberation or more rights. In these instances women are fighting to maintain the status quo, keeping a patriarchal social system in which men rule and women follow carefully constructed social roles. Such is the case in the country of Algeria.

[...] Considering first the history of women in Algeria up until the beginning of the war in 1954, Amrane-Minne (1999) notes the following: In 1954, Algerian women were totally excluded from public life. Nearly all illiterate, with only among them able to read and write, they did not have access to the world of work except in the sectors that did not demand professional qualifications. [ ] There were no more than 6 women doctors and only 25 teachers at secondary schools, but none in higher education. [...]

[...] Although the issue of women's rights was viewed as secondary in the immediate aftermath of the war?even women realized that Algeria needed to establish a working government and economy in order to survive?because of their service in the war, women were granted the right to vote and hold political office. However, the issue of their status in social discourse was still considerably vague (Bennoune, 1995). This issue was further confounded when Algerian leaders began considering the development of the country's national identity. [...]

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